2nd Annual International Conference on Conflict Mediation for Peace and Development - 16 December, 2021, United Nations
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Call for Contribution 2021 :
International Annual Conference on Conflict Mediation
in the frame of the 13th GENEVA FORUM, December 13-17, 2021
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland
|Thursday 16 December, 2021
from 09 :00 to 12 :00
|FREE ENTRANCE UNDER SUBSCRIPTION (United Nations Access Pass)|
|Presentations will be held in english and french. Debates and questions will be organized in english and french.|
|Leading Projects of Education to Science and Citizen Sciences since 1992, and creating 1st Participatory Researches Camps in 2004, the NGO Objective Sciences International have the Special Consultative Status to United Nations. Active in all continents, the NGO organize every year, since 2012, the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature in United Nations, at which one participate all Governments actives in this domain or interested by these works. From 2016, and every year, OSI organize into the heart of the United Nations hemicycle the International Annual Conference on Conflicts Mediation for Sustainable Development, in order to allow all the actors and operators in these domains to exchange, meet and share directly and at the largest international level.|
|Conflicts Mediation -An effective conflict resolution method that needs to be popularized |
Since the end of the Cold War, non-state actors have become increasingly involved in conflicts and the method of resolution has had to evolve as well. In this context, mediation has emerged as one of the most suitable method. In addition to reduce the intensity of the dispute, it deals with the root causes in order to prevent reengagement. This process, which is diplomatic in nature, can also prevent the outbreak of discord.
The discussion around mediation would consist of finding and implementing solutions that would allow for behaviour that is conducive to peace, sustainable development and more virtuous in social and legal terms. The real challenge is to succeed in implementing, within the current political and legal system, the solutions presented by mediation, and then the entire population would benefit from a peaceful resolution of conflicts.
These workshops will consist of :
Give an overview of mediation
Explain who can practise it and who can receive it
Present the benefits, strategies and techniques of mediation with successful cases
Carry out a series of working exchanges to see how the solutions experimented in the field of mediation could be transposed in society.
In view of the current challenges facing the planet and humanity, everyone have to take better decisions while respecting the environment: it can be done through mediation. The solutions it brings could be implemented in the functioning of society thanks to this type of high-level meeting that brings together all the actors concerned.
Conflicts Mediation / Alternative Dispute Resolution Mode
Several public or associative organizations that are active in the domain of Mediation, federated or organized, at the international level. The main national actors, the federations, and the specific operators, organized presently at the international level, and are called to meet annually at the end of the civil year, at the International Annual Conference on Conflict Mediation for Peace and Sustainable Development, at United Nations, in Geneva.
This annual space of sharing results and pooling of skills, allow to the actors of the domain to exchange practices, solutions, ideas, needs.
Your Annual Exchanges Resource
In the following of the national and continental meetings that are organized in each country and continent by the local federation, this International Annual Conference at United Nations allow the actors to implement in consultation, or to inform mutually, of progress and actions they lead during the year, or that they have in project.
The participants at this Conference are:
- Local and regional actors of different countries
- Thematic Actors by disciplines
- Regional or national federations
- Thematic Federations, by disciplines
- Regional agencies of Mediation
- Mediation office
- Governmental departments and international associations of Ministries
- Specialist Journalists
- UN agencies
- International Judes
- Criminal Judges
- Plenipotentiary Mediators
- Mediators Mandated
Subjects that are in the agenda of this year are:
- The resolution of conflicts relating to territories,
- The resolution of water conflicts,
- The disputes settlement within companies,
- Banking law,
- Social mediation,
- Commitment to international mediation,
- Resolution of inter-state conflicts,
- The search for peace and peaceful solutions,
Exchanges between stakeholders of the meeting will happen in a round table between speakers and debates with the audience of the Assembly.
Organiser : NGO Objectif Sciences International, Geneva
Chairman : Thomas EGLI, Founder of Objectif Sciences International, Head of the GENEVA FORUM
Moderators : Christa MUTH, Professor at the University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland
Here the Programme of the 5 days of GENEVA FORUM of December 2021, where are described the 2021 days dedicated to the Conference on Conflict Mediation for Peace and Sustainable Development Goals.
Official Opening Session - Thursday 16 December 13:30
Session organised by Objectif Sciences International in the frame of the International YEar of Sustainable Tourisme for Development.
- Remarks on current situation
- Remarks about concepts of the International Annual Conference
Presentations currently proposed for 2021
Mediation in the legal framework and its effect on law accountability ORAL PRESENTATION
In the presentation submission titled “Mediation in the legal framework and its effect on law accountability“ the author aims to analyze how the basic principles of mediation are legislated in the legal systems and how it might affects the accountability within law. By applying a combination of methods of quantitative and qualitative comparative analysis, the author deals with the question of how the legal regulation of mediation affects the usage of court-ordered mediation and the success of such a mediation process. The author focused mainly on the legal grounding of the main principles of mediation, the historical and cultural context of their origin and the form of the mediation process for court-ordered mediation. The author based her work on the authentic wording of legal regulations and used officially available data for the quantitative comparative analysis, which related the usage of court-ordered mediation in the analyzed countries. The theoretical basis was determined by the concept of traditional mediation styles, its techniques and advantages. The author considers also stereotypes, which were used to implement mediation in legal codification. Uncovering meanings of legal instruments at the level of international jurisdiction is not only analyzing them, but has potential to act as a tool for controlling freedom in society.
Mrs. Iva BRIZOVA ; Student, Czechia, http://www.altraidea.com
Conflict Mediation REMOTE ORAL PRESENTATION
Ombudsman De Palo will present an exciting success story in the evolution of mediation as a way to resolve workplace disputes. At the beginning of 2021, five major United Nations agencies – United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) – each signed a pledge committing to mediation of their workplace disputes: if one of their employees requests it, the agency will always come to the mediation table. The Office of the Ombudsman for UN Funds and Programmes, which has long provided conflict resolution services—including mediation—to the five agencies, will provide the mediation services.
The agencies’ pledge represents an affirmation of the fundamental importance of mediation to workplace harmony, as well as the importance of preserving mediation’s voluntary character. The pledge commits to the so-called "easy opt-out mediation model." This model requires an initial serious attempt to mediate the conflict, consisting of a first joint meeting with a mediator. Pursuant to the agencies’ pledge, if an employee requests mediation, the employer agency commits to joining this first meeting as well. Whether to proceed with mediation is then something each party remains entirely free to decide during that meeting or at any time during proceedings thereafter.
The agencies’ action represents multiple important milestones in the global development of mediation. It honors United Nations history. The notion that mediation should be used as a primary dispute resolution method, wherever possible, has been repeatedly affirmed by the United Nations General Assembly, and the pledge represents an important step in supporting those affirmations. The pledge also looks to the UN’s future. It is a significant step toward achieving UN Sustainable Development Goal 16, “Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions,” and the more specific goal within its Target 16.3 to “ensure equal access to justice for all” by 2030.
The pledge, further, follows up on the successful embrace of easy opt-out mediation by such global agencies as the World Bank and provides a current example of how improved access to mediation can be achieved by any entity, whether an NGO, a private corporation, or a governmental institution—all of which experience workplace conflict. In a striking display of inter-agency cooperation, the Funds and Programmes, led by UNICEF, supported a significant enhancement of the staffing, services, and resources provided by the Ombudsman Office, enabling it to meet the increased demand that the pledge will no doubt trigger. Along with their further coordination in adopting the pledge itself, the agencies’ actions can provide a model to other organizations.
Mr Mushegh MANUKYAN and Mr Giuseppe DE PALO, OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN FOR UN FUNDS AND PROGRAMMES, United States, https://fpombudsman.org/
The management of inter-community conflicts through mediation ORAL PRESENTATION
The upsurge in inter-community conflicts in border areas is a source of concern as these conflicts can at times lead to conflicts between states. A situation which undermines social cohesion between the populations of the said area. What are the real causes of these conflicts ? Could mediation not be a better alternative method of resolving these conflicts ?
To provide answers to these questions, we worked from a number of sources : written and oral sources through field surveys. By choosing to deal with this theme, we wanted to arrive, in the light of knowledge on these conflicts, at the proposal of an effective mechanism for the resolution and prevention of these conflicts, in this case mediation.
Mr Olivier Wétuan YEHOUN, REVS PLUS, Burkina Faso, www.revsplus.org
How Mediation Can work in International conflicts: A Modest proposal for a peaceful future ORAL PRESENTATION
Mediation is also known as assisted negotiation, where no judge or testimony is required. In this oral presentation, I will describe mediation towards conflict resolution and its various essential stages. Various situations will also be described where mediation becomes extremely useful, such as where international tensions and emotions are increasing, urgent solutions are required, high levels of confidentiality are required etc. Some advantages of mediations and limitations will also be used. I will also discuss some effective mediation strategies. Preventive strategies, procedural strategies, communication and facilitation strategies will be discussed along with examples and case studies from major international conflicts. Some historical examples will be used to explain the strategies, including Acta de Brasilia and Kashmir dispute. I will explore and explain why some strategies are more effective than others in the light of examples from 1945 to date.
I will also talk about third party mediation of interstate conflicts, including actors, strategies, selection and bias. Critical attributes such as disputants, mediator, dispute and outcomes will be discussed. In the end, I will also present a modest proposal for mediation of international conflicts.
Mr Mohammad TOUSEEF, Trent Education Centre, United Kingdom, www.trenteducation.co.uk
La Non-discrimination et droits des peuples minoritaires POSTER PRESENTATION
<docNNNN|left> Le statut de minorité est consubstantiel à la naissance des premières grandes entités politiques. Néanmoins, les ordres politiques antiques et médiévaux se caractérisaient par un certain morcellement du pouvoir institutionnel. Ainsi, au moyen Âge, la gestion des cités ou des villes était basée sur des systèmes politico-juridiques placés sous la houlette de certains corps constitués, en l’occurrence le clergé et la noblesse qui voulaient souvent, malgré le poids des coutumes locales, imposer les mêmes règles juridiques à toutes les composantes de la population. Les Minorités peuvent se définir comme « un groupe de citoyens d’un État, en minorité numérique et en position non dominante dans cet État, dotés de caractéristiques ethniques, religieuses ou linguistiques qui diffèrent de celles de la majorité de la population, solidaires les uns les autres, animés fut –ce implicitement d’une volonté collective de survie et visant à l’égalité en fait et en droit avec la majorité. Une telle définition concerne manifestement les peuples minoritaires qui peuvent constituer, au moins du point de vue sociologique et/ou anthropologique, de véritables « nations » au sein d’entités étatiques qui n’ont pas encore réussi à construire une identité nationale ou politique servant de référent culturel pour l’ensemble de la population. Néanmoins, la notion de peuple a en réalité plusieurs acceptions et peut ainsi revêtir une dimension politico-juridique
Mr François-Xavier KETCHANTKEU, Réseau Camerounais des Organisations des Droits de l’Homme, Cameroon
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