7th Annual International Conference on Rights of Nature for Peace and Sustainable Development - 10 to 12 December 2018, United Nations Conference organized under the aegis of the United Nations Program for Harmony with Nature
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Below the Call for Contributions (Call for Abstracts).
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Call for Contributions 2018:
International Annual Conference on the Rights of Nature
In the frame of the 10th GENEVA FORUM, December 10-14, 2018
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland
|Monday December 10 aftermoon, Tuesday 11 December whole day and Wednesday 12 december morning, 2018
from 09:00 to 18:00
Tuesday evening, de 19:00 à 23:00 : Networking Dinner of Rights of Nature Networks
|FREE ENTRANCE UNDER SUBSCRIPTION (United Nations Access Pass)|
Simple Contribution to the Fees (See Fortm Below)
|Presentations will be held in english and french. Debates and questions will be organized in english and french. Thank you to use the form at the bottom of the page to subscribe including only for audience.|
|Leading Projects of Education to Science and Citizen Sciences since 1992, and creating 1st Participatory Researches Camps in 2004, the NGO Objective Sciences International have the Special Consultative Status to United Nations. Active in all continents, the NGO organize every year, since 2012, the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature in United Nations, at which one participate all Governments actives in this domain or interested by these works. The objective of this Conference organized into the heart of the United Nations hemicycle is to allow all the actors and operators in these domains to exchange, meet and share directly and at the largest international level.|
|Interactives Dialogues of the UN and Rights of Nature|
The experts who are solicited annually by the Bureau of the United Nations in charge of the initiative Harmony with Nature, exchange already at national and continental levels (Europe, North America...) following diverse groups of themes. This Conference organised in December permit to work on the results of the High Level Interactive Dialogues that was done, and to prepare the objects of thinking for the next Interactive Dialogues. The one who want to exchange and share their ideas, practices and solutions, at worldwide level, meet at the end of the year for the International Annual Conference organized in United Nations.
Protection of Nature / Legal personality of Nature / Living Beings / Sustainable Development
Several public or associative organizations, and citizens, that are active in the domain of Rights of Nature, federated or organized, at the international level. The main national actors, the federations, and the specific operators, organized presently at the international level, and are called to meet annually at the end of the civil year, at the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature, at United Nations, in Geneva.
This annual space of sharing results and pooling of skills, allow to the actors of the domain to exchange practices, solutions, ideas, needs.
Your Annual Exchanges Resource
In the following of the national and continental meetings that are organized in each country and continent by the local federation, this International Annual Conference at United Nations allow the actors to implement in consultation, or to inform mutually, of progress and actions they lead during the year, or that they have in project.
The participants at this Conference are:
- Local and regional actors of different countries
- Thematic Actors by disciplines
- Regional or national federations
- Thematic Federations, by disciplines
- Large Institutions of Rights of Nature
- Associations of Defense and Protection of Nature
- Government departments (Environment, Education, Research, Sustainable Development...) and international associations of Ministries
- Specialized Journalists (law, science, environment, education, sustainable development ...)
- UN agencies (UNDP, UNEP ...)
Subjects that are in the agenda of this conference are the axis topics the United Nations Program for Harmony with Nature :
Exchanges between stakeholders of the meeting will happen in dynamic pitches followed by sub-groups you can contribute, in round table between speakers and of course debates with the audience of the Assembly.
Organiser : NGO Objective Sciences International, Geneva
- Thomas EGLI, Founder of Objectif Sciences International, Head of the GENEVA FORUM
- Lisa MEAD, Jurist, Earth Law Alliance
- Valérie CABANES, Juriste, Porte Parole de l’initiative End Ecocide on Earth
Moderators (Time-Keepers) :
- Doris RAGETLI, Rights of Mother Earth
- Colin ROBERTSON, Lawyer-linguist member of the Rights of Nature networks
Here the Programme of the 5 days of GENEVA FORUM of December 2018, where are described the days dedicated to the Conference on Rights of Nature for Peace and Sustainable Development Goals.
|Monday Morning : UN passes, Networking and first One on One Meetings|
|Monday 12:00 - 14:00 : Walk for Nature, at Place des Nations (leaving conference rooms at least at 12:40, Group Photo at 13:00 at Place des Nations)|
|Monday afternoon : Make nature the Center of People’s Priorities - Networking and first One on One Meetings||Parrallel Conference allow you to find concretization formats of your action on a long-term, thanks the Sustainable Tourism (see Program of the week)|
|Tuesday Morning : Strategies for Defence of Rights of Nature - Round Table, presentations Panel and Legal and Epistemologic Debates|
|Tuesday Afternoon : Make People Nature’s Helper - Workshop, Panel, Working Sub-Groups and Working Feed-Back|
|Tuesday Evening : Annual Networking Diner of the Networks of Rights of Nature|
|Wednesday morning : Annual meetings of Rights of Nature Networks - Continuation of working sub-groups for members of Rights of Nature communities who wants, working rooms at your disposal||Parrallel Conference, how to finance your projects (see Program of the week)|
|Wednesday afternoon : Conference allow you to find concretization formats of your action on a long-term, thanks the Participatory Science (see Program of the week)|
Official Opening Session - Tuesday 11 December 09:00
Session organised in partnership with Rights of Mother Earth, the Bureau Harmony With Nature of United Nations and Objectif Sciences International.
- Remarks on current situation
- Remarks from the side of the Governmental Representations represented
09:00 Opening keynotes remarks
09:30 Pitch session, Speakers of Group 1, followed by Speakers of Group 2
10:30 Panel with audience and speakers
11:30 Debriefing of the morning session
12:30 End of the morning session
14:00 Opening keynotes remarks
14:15 Pitch session, Speakers of Group 3, followed by Speakers of Group 4, then Group 5
15:30 Sub-Groups Workshop World Cafe style, with subgroups 1 to 5
16:30 Feedback from subgroups works
17:00 Closing keynotes remarks
|Group 1 A lack in environmental protection mechanims and a need to introducing new paradigms for efficient results in the field. The stakeholders of this group will speak about the environmental issue from diverse perspectives, suggesting that new notions should be addressed if we want to gain more efficiency in the field. This discussion will answer the question of one of the stakeholders who will highlight the lack of today’s efficient mechanims addressing environmental issues.|
|Returning Earth to Mankind and Mankind to Earth|
|To face and to disrupt the systems that drive the overwhelming pressures on the global environment, on the quality of life and the state of the world, communication, advocacy, public policies, research and teaching programmes should pay attention to the “general phenomenon”, to the paradigms of growth, power, wealth, work and freedom embedded into the cultural, social, political and economical institutions, that perpetuate taken for granted worldviews, values and perceptions that affect the forms of being in the world. |
To change perspectives, develop boundary-crossing skills, cope with complexity and expertise in a critical and creative way, to counteract the asymmetries of knowledge and power and the lack of pluralism in decision-making, to increase informational transparency and social space for civic engagement, the methodology in the socio-cultural learning niches is experiential and reflexive, “reality” is revealed in a specific space-time horizon of understanding, feeling and action: subject-object relationships are unveiled and shared (intimate dimension), dialogue is elicited (interactive dimension), different forms of being-in-the-world are scrutinized and discussed (social and biophysical dimensions).
Instead of surrendering to specialisation and fragmentation, priority is given to a set of values, norms and policies grounded in the different dimensions of being in the world (intimate, interactive, social and biophysical), as they combine to elicit the events, suffer the consequences and organise for change; it deals with a larger conceptual, ontological and epistemological framework encompassing the isomorphy and transfers of concepts, laws and models, integrating different areas: political, economic, social, educational, scientific, etc.
In this sense, the ecosystemic approach for evaluation and planning: 1) defines the problems in the core of the “boiling pot” in view of a holistic, ecosystemic framework, instead of reducing them to the bubbles of the surface (effects, fragmented, taken for granted issues); 2) combines the four dimensions of being in the world (intimate, interactive, social and biophysical) in the diagnosis and prognosis of the events, assessing their deficits and assets, as donors and recipients; 3) promotes the singularity of (identity, proper characteristics) and the reciprocity (mutual support) between all dimensions, in view of their complementarity and dynamic equilibrium; 4) prepares the transition to an ecosystemic model of culture to deal with the problems of difficult settlement or solution in the world, a condition for consistency, effectiveness and endurance.
Mr. André Francisco PILON, International Academy of Science, Health & Ecology , Brazil, http://www.ias-icsd.org/5.html
|Microcosme & macrocosme : le lien entre nature et humanité|
|Les raisonnements humains les plus élaborés ne peuvent aboutir à une espérance fondée et stable sur la Terre. Nous faisons face à des théories en oubliant notre conscience. Devant tant de décisions et d’événements catastrophiques, peut-on espérer des jours meilleurs dans ce monde troublé et inquiet ? D’où pourrait venir quelque remède pour rendre l’humanité plus pacifique sur une Terre finie ? L’idée organique de la tri-articulation de notre corps social pourrait être une part de notre Salut en Terre !|
Mr. Christian DEGIORGI, Switzerland , UNESU, https://www.unesu.net/
|Bison Person: How the Rights of Nature could help Indigenous Peoples in Canada Adapt to Climate Change REMOTE PRESENTATION|
|Legal standing for nature has been a successful tool in protecting natural resources such as water, which therefore could be a legal instrument in meeting climate change goals, but what about animals? The arguments for personhood when it comes to animals have largely concentrated on habeas corpus and proof of sentience. But what about the role animals play in biodiversity and in mitigating and adapting to climate change? Could meeting climate change goals under the Paris Agreement (mitigation and adaptation) be helped by extending legal rights to cultural (indigenous) and ecological keystone species such as Bison in Canada? More broadly speaking, many Indigenous cultures view nature (including animals) as extensions of themselves - interconnected beings in the web of life. This presentation will illustrate how stakeholders can honouring indigenous rights and commitments made to international treaties including the Paris Agreement, through the extension of personhood to nature using a hypothetical example of Bison person. |
Ms. Laura LYNES, The Rockies Institute, Canada, http://rockiesinstitute.ca/
|Group 2 Overview on a 2018 devasting climate change and on the need for a recognition of binding legal instruments to the obtention of concrete environmental advancements. This discussion gathers stakeholders who speak about the need for a legal recognition of the notions of ecocide and of rights of nature, as efficient legal tools, and answer to one stakeholder’s assessment about the 2018 devasting climate change showing a lack of efficiency in today’s mechanims.|
|Launching the Global Ecocentric Network for Implementing Ecodemocracy (GENIE) REMOTE PRESENTATION|
|We are excited to announce the launch of the Global Ecocentric Network for Implementing Ecodemocracy (GENIE): https://ecodemocracy.net/. The background and mission for this group can be found in a specially prepared document, which is also intended as an invitation for people to become involved: https://ecodemocracy.net/files/invitation.pdf. In brief, we are seeking to implement representation for non-human nature in various political and administrative processes (principally, via the appointment of human proxies), in order to promote ecojustice – that is, justice for non-human nature, concurrent with social justice for humans – and to halt ecocide.|
Mr. Joe GRAY, Helen KOPNINA, Haydn WASHINGTON, United Kingdom, Global Ecocentric Network for Implementing Ecodemocracy (GENIE), https://ecodemocracy.net/
|Rights of Nature and Earth Laws in Australia REMOTE PRESENTATION|
|In Australia, there is an emerging movement of local communities developing strategies for advocating for Rights of Nature and Community Rights. In this presentation, an overview will be given about the challenges and progress being made to develop new conversations, draft laws and advocacy for the Rights of Nature in a country as legally complex as Australia. The Australian continent is home to the oldest culture on Earth - the First Nations Peoples of Australia have been governing Australia for 60,000 years prior to European colonisation in 1788. Today, advocates for the Rights of Nature must work to ensure that the cultural world views and existing laws of indigenous people are able to be the foundation of future advocacy for the living world, while at the same time working to challenge the narrow constraints of the colonial legal system. The Australian Earth Laws Alliance (AELA) is a not-for-profit whose mission is to increase the understanding and practical implementation of Earth centred law and governance in Australia. This presentation will provide an introduction to the exciting work being carried out to promote Earth centred law, economics, ethics and culture in Australia.|
Ms. Michelle MALONEY, Australia , Australian Earth Laws Alliance (AELA), http://www.earthlaws.org.au
|Climate risks : ecosystems loss and natural disasters|
|Climate change already causes widespread disasters. Heavy rains and floods seem to increase fastest, 10 capital cities, 1/4 capitals of European countries have been flooded in 2018. This represents a 5 fold increase in floods in Europe since 2001. In Italy dozens of cities experienced floods this year. The last years also brought exceptional heatwaves and death of a large part of the Australian great Barrier reef and of low latitude fin fishes. Next years could bring an acceleration of global warming, ie consequences of 1,5°C warming could occur in the next years. These consequences include risk of flood for > 70% of european, risk for food crops, increasing hurricanes. Wavy jet-stream brings heavy rain and snow on temperate regions, several regions are touched by more hurricanes, deltas and mangroves are threatened by sea-level rise. A significant part of ecosystems is at risk very soon, and loss of these ecosystems would increase the risks for human life on Earth. |
Ms. Dorota RETELSKA, Association Climat Genève, Switzerland, http://climatgeneve.ch/
|Rights of Nature in Europe: challenging the perception of rights|
|My proposal is aimed at analyzing to what extent the recognition of the rights of nature is possible in the European regional context, considering the experience of the Latin American region. This contribution will explore the opportunities and limits within the EU and the Council of Europe.|
Ms. Susana BORRAS, Spain, Cedat, http://www.cedat.cat/
|Court Cases to Defend Rights of Nature: Can One Make Models?|
|Rights of Nature are best brought about by people acting spontaneously in their everyday activities. For this there is a need for education and training to encourage good practices. However, experience shows that there is also a need for legal action. That implies developing a clear underlying philosophy and in particular a moral philosophy that underpins law and legal action, dedicated towards living in harmony with nature and applying rights for nature. This philosophy places the Earth, as Planet Earth or Mother Earth, at the centre within a context in which all elements of Nature, the Earth Community, are stakeholders and subjects of law as legal persons and holders of rights.|
How does one develop an Earth Law philosophy and apply it? One approach is through literature and academic writings, with an example of Cullinan: Wild Law. Another method is through legislative texts, with examples of the Ecuador Constitution of 2008, the Bolivian Ley de Derechos de la Madre Tierra (Law of the Rights of Mother Earth) of 2010, and the New Zealand Te Awa Tupua (Whanganui River Claims Settlement) Act 2017.
A third approach is through litigation, raising court actions to promote and defend elements of the Earth Community. There are examples of this with respect to rivers such as Vilcabamba, Ganges, Yamuna, Atrato, Amazon. This approach is available to local communities and civil society to take into their own hands.
However, what is involved in bringing a court case to defend elements of nature, such as rivers? What do such cases look like? How does one bring them? Is it possible to develop models for future cases? How do such cases help to develop creating a moral philosophy for Earth Law and rights of nature? These questions are among those that will be the subject of reflection in the context of making Rights of nature a reality.
Mr. Colin D. ROBERTSON, Luxembourg
|From Natural Rights to Nature’s Rights in the Age of Sustainable Development|
|Some time back I spoke in Budapest on Nature’s Rights as to how they can be derived from the natural rights.|
It is indeed ironic that we live in a world that talks of anthropocentric rights, yet fails to admit that rights of humans are linked to the rights of nature. Without nature there will be no human, humans are part of nature and dependent on nature. Nature is not dependent on humans.
The UN system has given us the concept of ’Sustainable Development’, without clearly specifying sustainability of what, for how long, for which economic system. Similarly, development of what HDI, GDP and for whom, humans only? Or humans and other living species? Or a combined non-anthropocentric approach covering all living and non living things on this interdependent planet? I will like to make an attempt to clarify this quandary by expending on the concept of sustainable development and connecting it with why the Rights of Nature have to be advanced and recognised in this great balancing act that international organisations have invited themselves into.
Dr. Sudhir Chopra, J.D., Ph.D., FRGS, Cambridge Central Asia Forum.
Mr. Sudhir CHOPRA, founding member of the International Organization for the Protection and Preservation of nature (under registration)
|Leadership for the Ecozoic Program: Law and Governance for a flourishing Earth REMOTE PRESENTATION|
|Law and governance regimes are failing to adequately respond to global socio-ecological challenges including climate change, biodiversity collapse and increasing environmental and ecological degradation and pollution. Law and governance regimes are anthropocentric, do not embed the human within earth systems and fail to recognize that ecological limits have primacy over social and economic systems. The Leadership for the Ecozoic (L4E) program is a transformative ecological and social justice initiative initially based at McGill University and the University of Vermont. L4E aims to address the underlying paradigms and narratives that have led us into the Anthropocene within the higher education sector and move towards a system with mutually enhancing human earth relationships, the Ecozoic. This presentation provides background to the L4E project and mission and examines the research that is being conducted within the normative discipline of law and governance concerning ecological law.|
Key-words: Earth Systems, Ecozoic, Law and Governance, Ecological Law, Higher Education.
Ms. Emille BOULOT & Mr. Ivan VARGAS RONCANCIO , Leadership for the Ecozoic, McGill University, Canada
|Group 3 Nature as a vector of human and social evolution. This group shares in common ideas and projects showing how nature is itself a mean of human and social evolution.|
|L’éducation prénatale, facteur de paix|
|L’OMAEP, Organisation Mondiale des Associations pour l’Education Prénatale, affirme dans l’intervention du 11 décembre faite au GENEVA FORUM 2018 au Palais des Nations unis, que lorsqu’une femme est enceinte, sa responsabilité en tant que future mère ne s’arrête pas aux limites de l’hygiène physiologique (ne pas fumer, manger sainement, se reposer, etc.), mais se prolonge dans la qualité de son vécu psychologique. La loi d’Enregistrement, bien illustrée par les découvertes du chercheur japonais Masaru Emoto, nous démontre la propriété qu’à l’eau d’enregistrer toutes les influences de l’environnement. Comme le corps humain est composé de plus de 70% d’eau et l’ovule humain fertilisé à 90%, nous comprenons bien comment l’enregistrement peut se produire à travers le sang de la mère et le liquide amniotique dans lequel vit le fœtus pendant la période prénatale. |
D’où l’importance d’une éducation prénatale qui prépare les futurs parents pour connaître la structure physique, psychique et spirituelle de l’être humain, ainsi que les lois naturelles universelles, d’après lesquelles la nature fonctionne. Cela les prépare aussi à bien gérer toutes les étapes du processus prénatal: préparation avant l’acte de conception, gestion des conditions favorables pour la conception et la période de grossesse, ainsi que l’accueil de l’enfant à la naissance, afin de lui offrir une base saine pour un bon départ dans la vie.
Mr. Gheorghe ANTON, Switzerland, OMAEP, http://www.omaep.com/
|The Discipline of Architecture and the Rights of Nature|
|While harmony with nature is an ancient principle and while earth jurisprudence as a legal philosophy is gaining global traction, the inclusion of the discipline of architecture in such discussions is both new and significant. In this presentation, I report on the nascent dialogue on the rights of nature in the discipline of architecture and on existing theoretical frameworks in architecture that have the potential to be a bridge to more rigorous application of the rights of nature in the practice of architecture. I report on the role of critical spatial practice as a vehicle for advancing thought in this field and on case studies in critical spatial practice that are relevant to the application of principles in the harmony with nature for the design of the environment in architectural practice. This presentation builds on my work as a faculty member in the Environmental Studies Program and head of the School of Architecture and Environment at the University of Oregon, USA.|
Ms. Erin MOORE, United States , School of Architecture and Environment, University of Oregon, https://www.floatwork.at/
|Group 4 Presentation of sustainable projects repsecting harmony of nature. The stakeholders of this group share either projects or experiences both having in common to respect harmony of nature|
|The issue of soil pollution solved using organic farming: a case study from Thailand|
|This work is part of the Bakery for tomorrow and ECO Bakery for Friendly Environments projects, which focus on producing safe food, achieve zero hunger and a healthy environment to support the SDG 2030. In Thailand, the problem of soil pollution is rising, due to the use of agrochemicals that can have harmful eﬀects on humans, both farmers and consumers, and on the environment, as well as on the rice, which is the main food in Asia. To tackle this problem and improve soil quality, several agricultural methods are proposed, such as organic agriculture and and crop rotation, which also have beneﬁts on food safety and the environment. This research proposes the use of organic fertilizers, such as legumes, prior to planting the rice, thus ensuring the safety of the ingredients for bakery and safety rice for human consumption.|
Mr. Pathawit CHONGSERMSIRISAKUL,Thailand , Panyapiwat Institute of Management, Bangkok, Thailand (PIM) , http://www.panyapiwat.ac.th/
|CONSERVING WILDLIFE THROUGH EMPOWERING AND EDUCATING PEOPLE|
|The Global Conservation Corps empowers South African communities and children to conserve wildlife. Our vision is to save endangered African species through educating and involving local communities in effective conservation programs. Our current initiatives include : |
1. The Future Rangers Program
2. RHINO MAN the Movie
3. The Zululand Rhino Orphanage
Mr. Michele SOFISTI, SOFOS MANAGEMENT SARL, Switzerland, https://globalconservationcorps.org/home-3-2/
|WIMUN Brazil 2018 - Harmony with Nature|
|Since 2017, Faculdades de Campinas (FACAMP), in association with the World Federation of United Nations Associations (WFUNA), co-hosts the WFUNA International Model United Nations Brazil (WIMUN Brazil): WIMUN is the world’s most accurate simulation of the United Nations. In WIMUN Brazil 2018, one of the committees simulated was the UNGA Second Committee, with the topic Harmony with Nature. During 5 days, students from different countries debated issues such as Earth Jurisprudence, the new production and consumer patterns under Harmony with Nature, and the importance of traditional knowledge about Nature. As a result, students presented a sample resolution with their commitments to the topic Harmony with Nature. Other than that, in partnership with the Harmony with Nature Initiative from UNDESA, FACAMP has also engaged in academic researches, encouraging students to deepen their knowledge on the topic of Harmony with Nature.|
Mr. Heitor DARROS, MIYIA Amanda, FACAMP, Brazil, https://www.facamp.com.br/
|PROJECT on the Rights of Plants Cultivated in Harmony with Nature|
|The Earth and all her beings are not objects for greed and envy, they have not been created to accumulate money without any legitimate aims or limits, or content our frivolous desires. They create a healthy environment for human beings, and therefore deserve respect. As a consequence, they should be made subjects of the Law: just as human beings have rights that suit their needs, other beings should also have rights that suit their specific needs. We must stop the destruction of our own health and that of other beings. Seeds, and other plant reproductive material, are amongst the beings we cherish and have to protect, because they are great contributors to our health and well-being. They are part of the wider picture. By treating them as subjects of the Law (legal personality), we would put them in a much better position to survive and develop! The concept of legal personality already applies to physical persons who cannot stand for their own interests (children; handicapped persons; etc) and to associations, trade-unions… and corporations. It is by no means a new idea, but a concept that should be adapted and broadened in its application. To that effect, I propose a PROJECT on the Rights of Plants Cultivated in Harmony with Nature. This Project is, inter alia, an invitation for a reflection on the ways in which national and international organisations, including States and UN bodies, are implementing the UN Program Harmony with Nature in respect of cultivated plants. |
Mr. Michèle PERRIN-TAILLAT, France
|Group 5The PERCEPTION research program will present a research project that aims to better understand the relationships between all living things in an ecosystem in order to propose innovative ecological solutions. We will talk about the forest ecosystem in the face of so-called harmful species.|
Les Participants des séjours de Sciences Participatives OSI PERCEPTION, France, www.osi-perception.org
|Parc du Yellowstone, tous les jours à protéger la Nature|
|The Yellowstone National Park is a fascinating destination, both from a geological point of view (super-volcano, geysers) and for wildlife (bears, wolves, bison, etc.) and flora. The Rangers’ goal is to protect this rich ecosystem. The participants went to meet these keepers in order to learn how to conciliate the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable development.|
Les Participants des séjours de Sciences Participatives OSI MINEO, USA, www.osi-mineo.org
|Key Notes from The Bureau of Harmony With Nature of the United Nations|
|with us from 16:30 to 17:00 during the feed-back session of subgroups, and 6 minutes keynotes remarks |
Maria Mercedes Sanchez, www.harmonywithnatureun.org and www.un.org
|Rule of law established based on the principles of equality, democracy, human rights, justice and gender equity|
|I am working at Center For Development Program (CDP-Bangladesh) as a Coordinator, Media and International Advocacy Program of Gender and Social Justice Unit.|
Human Rights cannot be established automatically. We need conscious, sensitized and organized society who will protest human rights violation if occurs in their area or will be alert keeping in mind that violators are roaming around them or will work for protection and promotion of human right and peace and my believe is like that. From the very young age I rear this desire but for a long time did not get proper chance to fulfil my dream.
As a human rights workers I think Freedom of movement is a fundamental human right and is central to the functioning of the international refugee protection regime. The very ability to seek asylum depends on the ability to move in search of rights that have been denied in the Country of origin. In a broader scene, it is now increasingly recognised that human mobility provides an important means for people to improve their Stand and of living and to their Countries of origin and Destination. Despite a growing recognition of this, however, the international Community has been slow to incorporate mobility into. Its responses to forced migration. Solutions to displacement have focused or containing or reversing the lost rights which prompted flight in the first place.
By the Rules of the modern world, States bear the responsibility to treat all in their territory, including displaced people, according to established rights. Even though States often ignore these rights and their own responsibilities under international human rights Law, these rights and responsibilities still exist. It is not so clear, however, whether human rights obligations are binding or non-state actors such as armed groups even in case where these actors exercise significant center of over territory and population. It is clear, however, the Additional Protocol II to the Fourth Geneva Convention forbids the displacement of the civilian population for reasons related to the conflict unless the security of the civilians involved or imperative military reasons them and it.
Experience over many years’ shows that conflict and disasters often drive large-scale sudden displacements of rural populations to cities and towns. This trend has increased considerably in recent years: more and more refugees and internally displaced people migrate to cities and towns during and after conflict seeking protection or to reduce their visibility.
My inner self always pushed me to a thought that to live with dignity and to live in a peace is essential for human being. When I was a student of Law, I came to know that Law is the strongest weapon to protect human dignity and work as a safeguard if any one tries to break the peace. My whole concentration was to file cases and to ensure justice to my clients, when I started practice. But some how I felt that this is not the only or most effective way of ensuring human rights & dignity and even though I win the case in favor of my client it will not give the assurance of peace. At this time also I am also engaged in cultural activities and through that activities I also got the same feeling that without the respect of others rights and dignity peace is not possible.
From the very young age, I was involved in cultural activities and the focus is to establish human dignity and peace. When I was a student of Law, I came to know that Law is the strongest weapon to ensure human dignity. My whole concentration is to file cases and to give justice to my clients, when I started practice. But some how I felt that this is not the only way of ensuring human rights & dignity and through this peaceful manner is more or less absent. And also there was a big gap of understanding the real situation of the human rights. Mere filing of cases for the clients is not enough and I concentrated my work to the community to feel the real situation of peace, activism and human rights. To ensure gender equality, equity and human rights, women’s participation in the decision-making process, lawful mediation and access to justice in the community in a peaceful manner, I am deeply involved in this. My future plan is to develop my skill and knowledge in the arena of peace and human rights, which will help me to reach my dream.
I am working in an organization since last 8 years, whose work is focussed to establish rule of law based on principles of democracy, human rights, justice and gender equity. For achieving this, my work is to facilitate community activism for Gender and Social justice and Human Rights which ensure relationship between peace and the activism for democracy and human rights. My work is to organize community people who can identify their problem and rights, find out their ways to promote and protect human rights, to take action against human rights violation. The way of ensuring this the strategy is to go through a peaceful manner. The entire work of the community people is a voluntary work and I am watching a gradual positive change in the community in their action and attitude in promoting and protecting human rights. To enhance my knowledge on peace building procedure as well as the link up between peace, activism and human rights and to contribute in the community to establish human rights in a peaceful manner rather than a confrontational ways, I am applying for this Forum.
Mr. Md. Hadis UDDIN, Bangladesh, Center For Development Program (CDP-Bangladesh)
|Strategies for Defense of Rights of Nature|
|Nature has inherent rights. For six years I have been an International Activist working with strategies to protect those inherent rights.|
In this presentation I will speak of two cases, both heard by The International Tribunal for The Rights of Nature, and I will speak of the strategies that we have used.
The first case is the Mirador Mine, the first open pit copper and gold mine to be exploited in Ecuador. The Mirador Mine is located in the Cordillera Del Condor, South Eastern Ecuador, a "hot spot" of bio-diversity.
The greatest threat posed by the Mirador Mine is the 99% certainty of the failure of the Tailings Dam, at present under construction. In 2007 danger from dam collapse was declared VERY HIGH in relation to environmental and socio-economic consequences.
In 2016 Dr Emerman of E-Tech International reported on the alternative sites for the Tailings Dam declaring that the proposed alternatives would lead to a "practically inevitable" collapse, 99% certain, and the consequential contamination of the Rio Zamorra, flowing into the Rio Santiago, which flows into The Rio Amazon.
Secondly I will talk of the Ecocide of El Rio De Aguas, the last Oasis in Western Europe.
El Rio De Aguas is the last oasis in Western Europe, located in the semi-arid lands of South Eastern Spain. Industrial agriculture is draining the aquifer. Ecocide is apparent in it’s reality. Endemic species, flora and fauna, and human society are under threat. I will describe how LAW is helping us in our struggle for survival.
Earth jurisprudence Expert UN Harmony with Nature
President - Assoc Ecocidio El Rio Aguas
Co-founder - Protect Ecuador
Mr. David DENE,David Dene Rights For Nature , Spain, http:// www.protectecuador.org
|Allowing room for the Other, other people, other Species|
|Allowing room for others is essential for the reverence and respect necessary to form and foster relationships. Relationships are the key to both sanity and happiness. A community of relationships binds us together with one another. It is no less true for our relationships with the rest of nature than it is for our relationships with other human beings.
Mr Steve Szeghi, Wilmington College, Wilmington, Ohio, Participant on the United Nations Commission Harmony with Nature in discipline Ecological Economics, www.wilmington.edu
|How anthropogenic barriers along national borders harm the rest of life|
|There are several prominent examples around the globe of proposed or actual large-scale barriers that have been put in place to control human movement across national borders. These can be detrimental to the rest of life, by cutting natural territories and limiting migration, for instance. Alternatives to such borders include peace parks, but further solutions are required if we are to reverse the detrimental effect on the rest of life that such barriers can have.
Mr Joe Gray, http://www.ecologicalcitizen.net/, UK
|Rights of Nature for Peace: Environmental Education and SDGs|
|Capitalizing on the emergent debate of the Rights of Nature for Peace, this paper provides an overview of the co-evolutionary processes that life has developed over billions of years on our planet. The main intention is to identify their operational principles and strategies in order to learn how to co-evolve in harmony with our environment. Humans have much to learn from Mother Earth to build sustainable futures. The philosophical considerations from nature show us that those co-evolutionary operational principles of ecosystem cooperation must be bio-mimetically copied, emulated, and improved to reduce ecological footprint. Environmental Education is the proper field to raise SDGs awareness in formal and non formal education. In conclusion, biomimetic emerges as a sustainable worldview that uses nature as teacher to face the complex challenges of the Anthropocene.
Mr Javier COLLADO RUANO, National University of Education, Ecuador, www.unae.edu.ec
|Tribunal International Monsanto|
|L’avis consultatif rendu par le Tribunal International Monsanto, tribunal d’opinion institué par la société civile, le 18 avril 2017 mérite une attention toute particulière au regard plus spécifiquement de la progression du concept d’écocide. Porté par End Ecocide on Earth, mouvement citoyen, membre du comité d’organisation, il a été demandé aux juges de vérifier, si d’une manière ou d’une autre les activités de Monsanto portent atteinte aux droits humains et à la dignité des générations futures. Les juges estiment que le temps est venu de consacrer l’écocide et de réaffirmer la primauté des droits humains sur le droit des investissements. Cette décision est incontestablement hors cadre, audacieuse tout aussi atypique que nécessaire pour protéger durablement les droits de la Nature et de l’Humanité.
Ms GAILLARD Emilie, France, End Ecocide on Earth - Tribunal International Monsanto
|Integrating Rights of Nature with Agricultural Development|
|The most important problem for the future of humans, other than the control of their populations, is how are they to be fed without threatening more and more of the natural world and species diversity? For the passed 40 years we have been developing agricultural techniques modelled on how ecological systems work, and run experimental farms to test the results. The whole farm becomes a nature reserve, it is a self sustaining highly diversified system where the net biological production is increased and the intrinsic value of the living and non living world a central concern.
Mrs Dr Marthe Kiley-Worthington, Centre d’eco-etho recherche et education, France/UK, www.eco-etho-recherche.com
|Maria Mercedes Sanchez, www.harmonywithnatureun.org and www.un.org|
|Advancing Holistic and Ocean Rights-Based Governance|
|The ocean covers over seventy percent of our planet, generates over fifty percent of the oxygen, regulates climate and provides food and jobs for millions of people. It is truly the source of life. Despite international laws and agreements designed to sustain and protect the ocean, ocean health is in decline. This is because current ocean law and policy largely adopts a human-centered worldview rather than an Earth-centered worldview. We treat the ocean as an infinite “resource,” with value derived from human use and utility, when in fact, it is a finite entity with its own limits and intrinsic worth.
Earth Law Center (ELC) is promoting a new paradigm for ocean governance- one that focuses on the Ocean’s own well-being and is guided by principles of sustainability, ecosystem health, precaution and interconnectedness. In line with SDG 14; we must aim to not only establish protection for marine ecosystems and species, but to ensure these areas are fully protected and effectively managed. This can only be done through the adoption of holistic and rights-based law and policy.
Topics of discussion:
- ELC’s Rights of the Ocean Initiative, launched at the UN Ocean Conference with over 60 signatories from 32 countries (http://bit.ly/ELCocs)
- An overview of current Ocean Law and Policy
- Why a holistic and rights-based approach is necessary to ensure a healthy and thriving ocean and society
- What would a holistic and rights-based approach look like in practice? (Focusing on Marine Protected Areas and Marine Mammal Sanctuaries) What are the necessary legal components? How can we integrate Earth Law into Ocean Law?
Mrs Michelle BENDER, Earth Law Center, United States, www.earthlaw.org
|How to initiate a World Right Referendum in order to recognize fundamental rights for non-human beings|
|As an introduction: presentation of the progress since the international conference ’Who has Right to the World?’ (organized by Védegylet in 2012 in Budapest) and since the OSI Geneva conference in 2013.|
The concept and the new strategy of a World Right Referendum in order to recognize fundamental rights for non-human beings - not waiting any more for any future administrative solution by others but assuming our own responsibility. So this very first global referendum would propose an effective recognition of fundamental rights for Nature by the signature of the declaration, which could be signed progressively without any time limit or marketing goal (such as gathering one million signature, etc.) Indivuals could sign as well as organizations, local, regional or national governments, churches or even companies. This initiates a brand new method after the general strategy prevailing till now: green movements trying to put pressure by popular petitions on governments and international organizations which has never lead to any significant global change. This World Right Referendum shows that the real change strats by assuming our own responsibity by recognizing fundamental rights for Nature. Without this change in our own
Gabor KARDOS, Védegylet - Protect the Future, www.védegylet.hu
|VOICE OF THE EARTH PROPOSAL of a joint Indigenous-Western presentation|
|We are concerned that we have little time left to turn climate change and destructive corporate practices around, and we believe that we need to address the root of our problems: our thinking. As Glenn A. Parry wrote: “We need to reclaim a wider and wiser consciousness that is increasingly whole and interconnected.”
The question we are often asked is, does it matter in today’s times that Indigenous peoples have lived sustainably for millennia, that they have treated the Earth with profound respect and acted as Her custodians? The answer is ‘Yes’. We know that the world’s natural ecosystem has declined by 52% since 1970.
According to the UN, Indigenous territories are estimated to cover approximately 20% of the Earth’ landmass. What is astonishing is that this 20% landmass stewarded by indigenous peoples contains 80% of the world’s remaining biodiversity.
Indigenous peoples demonstrate how to live in accordance with Earth Law.
INTERWOVEN PRESENTATIONS – Indigenous and Western joined together
Calixto and Eva will both speak from their backgrounds, Indigenous and Western, and will conclude together in the final piece.
1. CALIXTO SUAREZ VILLAFANE:
Calixto will speak about how the Mamos, the spiritual and secular leaders of the peoples of the Sierra, understand Earth Law.
“The wisdom of Arhuaco people is not just of one person, we are a unity of ancestral culture. For that the Mamos don’t manifest themselves as wise men, healers or curanderos. We are harmonizers and guidance counselors, fundamental principles of any culture of our planet.
What we are seeing how we are impoverishing the planet and those who live there in our way of thinking is nothing in nature is considered evil, everything is good. What is causing all of this is becoming wicked, are human’s laws. The humans have changed another direction having strayed from their path and are accelerating their self-destruction.
The natural law is simple: humility to take from nature, to maintain
balance spiritually and physically.
For us, the Arhuaco, the humility is a sign of wisdom. That’s what we want to pass to future generations. The Mamos invite you to rediscover our ancestors, our roots and taking care of these roots, of the knowledge of the Mamos. In this way, we could arrive into the deepest aspects of this knowledge and transmit it to someone else. In the holy and snowy lands of Santa Marta, there is valuable Knowledge to share on philosophy, medicine, and the interpretation of the phenomena that occur in and around us.”
2. EVA WILLMANN DE DONLEA
Eva will speak about the merging of Indigenous knowledge with innovation and sustainability.
|La justice climatique comme moyen de protection de la biodiversité et de la nature à l’échelle globale|
|Mankind is facing a major limit with the phenomenon of climate change that is causing an inestimable loss of biodiversity.|
At the same time that experts are pointing to emissions of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs), developing countries are legitimately seeking to expand, unfortunately with high potential for GHG emissions. While they have certainly not contributed significantly to reaching this limit, the continuation of their activities via the model that led to global warming would be fatal for the planet, and the premises are already visible on nature.
How in this situation maintain economic performance without accentuating GHGs ? We think, and show it through this presentation that a true climate justice literally deviating from the strategic calculations that the nations doing for them, and not for the planet where they live, would be one of the best solutions and a good start.
Mr. Mahamadou BALDE, Senegal, Vivafrik, https://www.vivafrik.com/
|BROADER APPROACH TO EDUCATION FOR RESPECT OF NATURE|
|Evaluation of education as a tool of instilling natural behaviour of respect of nature in mankind as well as creating an ecological culture in mankind through childhood days to older generations. The process of educating should emphasize the coexistence of mankind with nature and this should run from pre-schoolers to families, Government, Industry and all mankind at all levels. Stakeholders are obliged to inspire striving for a mentally sustainable world and respect and care for non- human world. This paper is about passing on environmental ethics not just to pre-schoolers but to all levels of mankind in society and also taking actions for justice for nature. I write as an expert and also a global citizen.|
Mr. Emmanuel nyarko APPIAH, TERNOPIL STATE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, Ukraine, https://www.tdmu.edu.ua/en/
|La garantie des droits de la nature|
|Lorsque que l’on observe son environnement, il constaterait que la nature est de plus en plus menacée. Ceci, malgré les différentes conférences qu’ont été tenues dans le cadre de la préservation de l’environnement et en dépit des mesures qu’ont été prises par les États relatives à sa protection. La nature se dégrade de jour en jour par la production du gaz à effet de serre et tout autre composant chimique qui se dégage lors de l’exploitation de la nature. Compte tenu des efforts consentis par la société internationale, dans le cadre de la protection des des droits de la nature, il se pose cependant une éminente question de savoir quels moyens faut-il employés pour garantir effectivement et efficacement les droits de la nature ?|
Mr. Abdramne MAHAMAT-ZENE KOUKOU, Chad
|Natural Environment as a Spiritual Resource: A Theory of Regional Variation in Religious Adherence, Case Study Ghana|
|A region’s natural environment has profound social effects for an area. Previous work has connected the environment to tourism, migration rates, community attachment, and economic outcomes. In this article, we explore how nature may impact the religious structuring of a region. Specifically, we investigate if beautiful landscapes and good weather—what scholars call “natural amenities”—could be spiritual resources used by the population to connect with the sacred. We hypothesize that the environment, as a spiritual resource, would compete with more traditional religious organizations. Thus, we expect that regions with higher levels of natural amenities would experience lower rates of religious adherence. To test our hypothesis, we use spatial econometric modeling techniques to analyze data from the Religious Congregations and Membership Study, Agriculture Ministry, Ghana Business Patterns, and the Census. Results show that regions with higher levels of natural amenities have lower rates of adherence to traditional religious organizations.|
Mr. Sampson ANTWI, Ghana, ECONOMY FOR THE COMMON GOOD (ECG), https://www.ecogood.org/en/
|Move to provide country specific global, Universal Basic Income, UBI|
|Two motivations govern endeavors of human Organic Natural Intelligence (ONI) in nature; 1. Kin altruism (what is good for my family) and 2. Reciprocal altruism (what is good for my business?). |
Outliers ( The Buddha, Jesus the Preacher, Prophet Mohamed- PBUH, Mahatma Gandhi, The Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. ), raised the vision of broader forms of altruism, with little success. Humans are not faulted.
Nature through Strong Artificial Intelligence (SAI) in inorganic matter, (discount self-centeredness), fosters the broader opportunities, this conference tries to address. UBI forms the foundation for active ONI participation.
Mr. Radh ACHUTHAN, United States, Radh ACHUTHAN, https://diy.rootsaction.org/petitions/universal-basic-income-5
|The Importance of the Humanities for an Holistic Approach to the Rights of Nature|
|While sharing the concerns of the environmental movement over the fate of the planet, a parallel world view draws attention to the urgent need to take seriously—in any discussion on environmental issues—‘nature’ itself, including its physical and meta-physical dimensions. Vital to proponents of nature are those unseen and immaterial life forces that have brought humankind and the visible world into existence, and generally overlooked in the politics of the environment. Prescriptions generated by the sciences alone may therefore be insufficient to meet the challenges of preserving the planet and satisfying demand for ‘happy life styles’.|
Shedding the lights of philosophy, history, the arts and religion on the decision-making process has potential to enrich the political discourse by taking into account the transcendent values of nature as stimulants to creative intuition, ideas and principles which science cannot corroborate nor produce, but which would appear to be vital to the long-term success of environmental policies. This approach to education is intended to engage both head and the heart in the mission “to save our planetary home.”
Ms. Barbara BAUDOT, United States, Triglav Circle, http://www.triglavcircleonline.org/
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