6th Annual International Conference on Travel and Sustainable Tourism for Peace and Development - 9 December, 2019, United Nations
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Call for Contribution 2019 :
International Annual Conference on the Travel and Sustainable Tourism for Peace and Development
in the frame of the 11th GENEVA FORUM, December 9-13, 2019
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland
|Monday 9 December, 2019
from 09:00 to 18:00
Monday evening, de 19:00 à 23:00 : Networking Dinner of Sustainable Tourism for Peace and Development Networks
|FREE ENTRANCE UNDER SUBSCRIPTION (United Nations Access Pass)|
|Presentations will be held in english and french. Debates and questions will be organized in english and french.|
|Leading Projects of Education to Science and Citizen Sciences since 1992, and creating 1st Participatory Researches Camps in 2004, the NGO Objective Sciences International have the Special Consultative Status to United Nations. Active in all continents, the NGO organize every year, since 2012, the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature in United Nations, at which one participate all Governments actives in this domain or interested by these works. From 2016, and every year, OSI organize into the heart of the United Nations hemicycle the International Annual Conference on Tourism and Travel for Sustainable Development, in order to allow all the actors and operators in these domains to exchange, meet and share directly and at the largest international level.|
Operators of Tourism, Smart Traveling and Alternative Pedagogy who exchange already at national and continental levels (Europe, America, Asia, Africa, Middle-East...) and who desire to exchange together, and share practices and solutions, at the world level, meet together at the Annual International Conference organized in the United Nations.
EcoTourism/Travel/Tourism Future/Sustainable Development
Several public or associative organizations that are active in the domain of Tourism, federated or organized, at the international level. The main national actors, the federations, and the specific operators, organized presently at the international level, and are called to meet annually at the end of the civil year, at the International Annual Conference on Sustainable Development of Tourism, at United Nations, in Geneva.
This annual space of sharing results and pooling of skills, allow to the actors of the domain to exchange practices, solutions, ideas, needs.
Your Annual Exchanges Resource
In the following of the national and continental meetings that are organized in each country and continent by the local federation, this International Annual Conference at United Nations allow the actors to implement in consultation, or to inform mutually, of progress and actions they lead during the year, or that they have in project.
The participants at this Conference are:
- Local and regional actors of different countries
- Thematic Actors by disciplines
- Regional or national federations
- Thematic Federations, by disciplines
- Large Institutions of Tourism
- Travel agencies
- Government departments (Tourism, Education, Research, Environment, Industry ...) and international associations of Ministries
- Specialized Journalists (tourism, science, environment, education, sustainable development ...)
- UN agencies (UNDP, UNEP ...)
Subjects that are in the agenda of this year are:
- Sustainable Tourism Development
- Tourism as a social agent (poverty reduction, peace maker)
- Travel 3.0
- Tourism: a tool for Science Development (promote scientific and educational activities towards the advancement of common man’s life by improving the theory and practice of various disciplines and sectors of Tourism and Transport and many more)
- Hospitality and Tourism
- Sustainable development policies and Tourism
- The Sharing Economy and Tourism
- New types of Sustainable Tourism
- Sustainable Tourism management and marketing
- Sustainability Trends in the Industry
Exchanges between stakeholders of the meeting will happen in a round table between speakers and debates with the audience of the Assembly.
Organiser : NGO Objectif Sciences International, Geneva
Chairman : Thomas EGLI, Founder of Objectif Sciences International, Head of the GENEVA FORUM
Moderators : Christa MUTH, Professor at the University of Applied Sciences Western Switzerland
Here the Programme of the 5 days of GENEVA FORUM of December 2019, where are described the 2019 days dedicated to the Conference on Tourism and Science for Peace and Sustainable Development Goals.
Official Opening Session - Monday 10 December 13:30
Session organised by Objectif Sciences International in the frame of the International YEar of Sustainable Tourisme for Development.
- Remarks on current situation
- Remarks about concepts of the International Annual Conference
Presentations currently proposed for 2019
| The development of Tourism Industry in the Era of climate change : |
Case of Tunisia
|For countries on the southern side of the Mediterranean, tourism is a strategic sector, fundamental for their economic development. It directly employs 2.5 million people (4.4% of total employment) in 2017. This figure is likely to increase by 1.9% on average annually over 2028 (according to WTTC Report- 2018). Tunisia, as a seaside-dominated destination, experienced a period of rapid growth from the 1960s to the 1990s, before being the object of several crises, leading to difficult periods that worsened after the Bardo and Sousse terrorist incidents in 2015. These cyclical crises have been increased by climatic hazards (floods of Nabeul in 2018 for example). |
Several studies of the impact of climate change on tourism show that the Mediterranean region is among the most exposed areas to this phenomenon. A warming of 1 ° C to 3 ° C will be suffered by the countries of this region by the horizon of 2020. Thus, the potential risks consist of:
The increase of the erosion process Sea level rise which will have a negative impact on coastal ecosystems and hotel facilities as well as on beaches quality Enhancement of water stress with an increasingly remarkable scarcity of water The recurrence of extreme weather events such as drought, floods, destructive storms, etc. These phenomena will generate not only massive material losses but also disturbances on the functioning of the tourist value chain Threats to biodiversity and the acceleration of the extinction of several species .
Today, the impact of climate change on Tunisian tourism industry is measurable, that’s why they are at the heart of the State’s strategies. So, what are the climate change impacts? What will be the recommendations to mitigate them?
Mr. Moez KACEM, AMFORHT, France, https://amforht.groupment.com/platform/welcome/
|The role of voluntary youth initiatives to restore destroyed destination image of the world first mocha coffee producer of Yemen|
|Mocha (Al-Mukhā in Arabic) is the world major port located on the red sea, west of Yemen and the principal port was exporting the distinctive flavor of Mocha coffee to global market between 15th and 18th century. Today, the origin of Mocha beans plantations and farms productivity (i.e., arabica) is decreasing due to critical conflicts and political crisis that made many farmers in rural areas to search alternative works or move to urban areas to survive. Despite the growth of coffee tourism industry and its significant role in creating the tourist destination image. Yet, the heritage, historical, tourism aspects and effective role of voluntary youth initiatives including the international organizations been explored. This study plan to investigate the association between voluntary youth initiatives aspects and awareness of local communities through training and partnerships. This study will also evaluate the impact of local communities awareness and performance on forming a sustainable tourist destination image. The expected results of this research will highlight the impact of voluntary initiatives in sustainable development (i.e., cultural, social, economic).|
Mr. Al-Ansi AMR, Yemen, Student
|TOURISM INDUSTRY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS SDG’s IN NIGERIA|
|The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) represent a global partnership aimed at responding to the world’s main development challenges, including poverty reduction, opportunities for education, better maternal health, gender equality, as well as reducing child mortality, AIDS and other diseases. The SDGs is a prerequisite to the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s) which are an agreed set of goals to be achieved by 2015 based on all actors working together at global, regional and national levels. Strategies based on working with a wide range of partners can help create coalitions for change that support the SDGs at all levels, benchmark progress and help countries build the institutional capacity, policies and programmes needed to achieve the SDGs. It is generally assumed that international tourism can generate benefits for poor people and poor communities in the context of sustainable tourism development, usually without specifically targeting the poor. However, greater attention has been given to the argument that tourism could be more effectively harnessed to address poverty reduction, climate change, sustainability of resources as well as generate income and revenue in ways that are more direct. Thus, the paper is a review of some selected goals of the SDG and their contributions in achieving sustainability of tourism resources in Nigeria, while also highlighting the areas of synergy, benefits and convergence for improvement|
Mr. Murtala Mohammed ALAMAI, Nigeria, Leisure and Tourism Mgt Dpt Federal Polytechnic Bauchi, https://fptb.edu.ng/
|2030 United Nations Agenda for Sustainable Development as a Social Entrepreneurship Blueprin|
|Since the unveiling of The 17 SDG goals in 2014, stakeholders from around the world have seized the opportunity to promote and market the initiative rightfully as the right thing to do to save our planet. NGO from all over and Social Justice Activists have made the case to the general public and corporations to embrace this out of the goodness of our heart and our sense of survival. |
At the time when Social à Entrepreneurship, a concept still not widely appreciated is taking center stage, a case can be made to look at the SDG as a platform for Social Entrepreneurship.
We know economic activities drives progress and innovation and casting the SDG in the light economic opportunities might just be the be the extra incentive to get the Business Community across the world to further embrace the SGD
Mr. Guy DJOKEN, U.S. Federation of UNESCO Clubs, Centers and Associations, United States, www.unescocenterforpeace.org
|Mobile applications for discovery and nature awareness|
|Today, mobile applications for discovery and nature awareness offer tourism stakeholders the means to offer their visitors new Ecotourism activities. It is also the opportunity to value the natural spaces of territories, to raise awareness and to present a positive image.|
Natural Solutions, the French leader in digital tools for nature discovery, wants to present different applications, initiatives and solutions for tourism stakeholders around the world.
Mr. Cyril GAUTREAU, Olivier ROVELLOTTI, Natural Solutions, France , https://www.natural-solutions.eu/
|Indigenous Tourism as a global solution to support Earth Guardians|
|As confirmed by official data provided by scientists and the UN, Indigenous peoples are the natural custodians of our planet and the protectors of 80% of biodiversity on Earth thanks to smart management of their ancestral lands. Tourism as defined by indigenous peoples themselves, is strongly connected with indigenous believes and wisdom, supporting indigenous rights, which are essential to keep protecting the natural gems remaining on our planet, from our future depends.|
Through a promising pilot project, WINTA is exploring solutions on the field to use the power of tourism as a key tool to protect and support indigenous communities at stake or suffering from land and human violations, thanks to the support of counscious tour operators and a committed, well educated community of travelers, to generate a paradigm shift.
Ms. Aurélie DEBUSSCHERE, Johnny EDMONDS, Anniina SANDBERG, World Indigenous Tourism Alliance Europe Agent , France, https://www.winta.org/
|Cultural tourism as a tool for development and peace education: The European Route of Places of Peace|
|Culture has become a key product in the international tourism market, with tourists engaged in cultural activities accounting for 40% of international arrivals in 2016 (UNWTO, 2016). Culture is becoming a central factor of attraction in tourism. Heritage and cultural tourism can contribute for the sustainability of destinations. The environment, local social, cultural systems and tourism development are inextricably linked in a relationship when local values are respected and when they are also transmitted to the tourist. The European Places of Peace route represents one of the most genuine European values brought to this day through the experience and the memory of the places of Europe where Peace was a fact, the places where Peace Treaties were signed. The Route also emphasizes its contribution to strengthening mutual knowledge and exchange of experiences among the European peoples, its action in scientific historical research on the Treaties of Peace in Europe, the dissemination of a culture of peace in an educational perspective together with the younger generation as well as the decisive contribution it has made to the recovery and enhancement of the European Material Heritage. The Places of Peace Route includes 10 places from 8 countries (Germany, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovakia, Spain, Hungary, Portugal and Romania.|
Ms. Aurea RODRIGUES; Apolónia RODRIGUES, ERPP; Eduardo BASSO, ERPP, Portugal, Universidade Europeia & ENPP, http://placesofpeace.eu/
|Restrictive Factors for the Tourism. The Perception of Tourism Demand about the Public Security code remote|
|The Insecurity is characterized as an important restrictive factor for the tourism, since the fear of unforeseen events that have negative consequences for the physical integrity of the visitor are decisive in the choice of a future destination to travel. Concern and fear about security are shared by society, making it possible to characterize them as social fear. Are insecure localities unable to establish themselves as important tourist destinations motivated by their insecure stereotype? In order to elucidate such an indagation, the city of Rio de Janeiro was used as the object of study of this research, since it is a tourist destination whose image is associated with insecurity. The objective of this article was to investigate the perception of insecurity in Rio de Janeiro through real and potential tourists. For this, research was carried out with tourists in the city of Rio de Janeiro and with potential tourists through digital formulary, seeking information about insecurity as a restrictive factor to tourism and about the perception of security in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The preliminary results confirm that insecurity is an important restrictive factor for tourism in Rio de Janeiro, especially in relation to urban violence. However, other elements relating to insecurity such as terrorism do not contribute significantly as a restrictive factor to tourism in that city. |
Mr. Marcello TOMÉ, UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL FLUMINENSE, Brazil, http://www.fth.uff.br/
Presentations done in 2018
|Integration of (SIFSEE): Sustainability Impact Frameworks and Scientific Energy Engineering towards a Sustainable Tourism Future|
|Nowadays, the term ‘sustainable tourism’ initiated several actions (both in economic areas and varied engineering sectors)- having started as a ‘profitable and efficient’ idea to promote ‘sustainability’ for the preservation of environmental resources, while sustaining socio-economic prosperity. For the contribution of a sustainable transformation in tourism consumption and production market, international organizations such as World Trade Tourism, including scholars of inter-disciplinary fields, have been committed in the benefits of using specific impact assessment methods as a sustainable reporting measure. This session provides insights of the trend in the use of different impact assessment methods, ranging from the popularity of input-output analysis, life cycle assessment, and data envelope analysis. Including, the features and several discussions framed under economics themes- which are useful to the sustainable tourism development community, and decision model’s practitioners in developing their own impact estimations under the context of sustainability in the context of tourism economy.|
The research contributes essential basic sustainable tourism concepts, and the evaluation of different impacts (with specific insights of energy, environment and social impacts) through the use of various impact assessment methods. The latter objective of this session leads to better knowledge concerning the integration of Sustainability Impact Frameworks and Scientific Energy Engineering (SIFSEE), framed by the potential benefits of an extended impact assessment model to adequately assess both energy and environment impacts in tourism; including socio-economic domains.
Ms. Shu Xian TOH , Portugal, M-Initiative Centre for Sustainable Solutions (ICS), https://www.marcharh.com/
|How to come in touch with people of the country you visit?|
|Tourism is often bus - run - take some pictures - run - bus. If contact with the people, often this contact is quick, without respect, in a low level communication. People who speak Esperanto can meet people in the visited country and create a real deep and respectful link. |
Ms. Mirelle GROSJEAN, Esperanto + Education ILEI, Switzerland, http://www.ilei.info/
|IMPROVED TOURIST GUIDES TRAINING – THE WAY TOWARDS MORE SUSTAINABLE TOURISM AND SDG|
|Tourist guides are ambassadors who are telling the story and communicating the essence of a destination to the travellers and citizens of the world and at the same time they can efficiently promote and accelerate sustainable development and responsible tourism. |
Many times, being the only representative of local population and destination, who tourists and travellers are going to meet on their whole journey, they are trustworthy source and tourists believe their side of the story thus following their recommendations more than any other source of information. Furthermore, engaging stories they hear from the tourist guides are the one being shared with their significant others being the family or digital communities on social media.
As such, tourist guides are in a possession of a communication and persuasion power than no other communication channel has, but their training content and curriculum within the context of European Union and worldwide does not include the knowledge about the sustainable development goals either/or about responsible tourism practices to the extend that would enable tourist guides support and accelerate SDG and sustainable tourism.
G-Guides tourist guide’s training curriculum and content of tourist guides training is focused on providing the knowledge about sustainable tourism and SDG for tourist guides with the main aim and objective to empower them to be sustainability communicators and ambassadors as well as to support and accelerate the achievement of SDG in tourism.
Ms. Maja CAMPELJ & Tina HUDNIK, Slovenia, G-Guides, http://www.g-guides.net
|Responsible tourism and sustainable development at a crossroad : a case from Nepal|
|Most people will agree that in the long term, development choices taking into account sustainibility will offer the highest benefits both at a local and at a global scale. However, choices are often more difficult when short terms benefits at a local scale are considered before everything else. Through an example coming from a rural montainous area of Nepal, we will analyze how different stakeholders will see the consequences of two development paths, one based on a traditionnal development scheme involving the facilitation of commercial exchanges, and one based on sustainability. Ultimately, we will see how responsible tourism can help local decision making towards a greater sustainability and can in this example help to preserve an area exceptionnally rich in terms of biodiversity.|
Mr. Sylvain ALLOMBERT, Catherine MARAIS, Rupendra KARMACHARYA, France,OSI-Biodiversita, http://www.osi-ngo.org/
|Japan 2020 Olympic Truce Peace Ambassadors - A Call for Collaboration|
|In a nutshell- What is the Japan 2020 Olympic Truce Campaign about?|
It is clearer than ever that modern society has developed a global economy based on low-level warfare, environmental resource depletion and global oppression of the many for the benefit of the few. Constant war, conflict and violence are bringing the vast majority of us to the brink of economic, environmental and cultural impoverishment, and our children, from both richer and poorer countries, are facing even greater enslavement to this unequal status quo. In the face of crises after crises, we need a global Olympic effort to end this now.
The UN has set the Agenda 2030 sustainable development goals to address these issues, but without an implementation strategy these goals will once again – just like the Millennium Goals and their 2015 revision – be turned into the rhetoric of self-interested governments and business interested in profit before planet and people. The Olympic Truce - a period of 6 weeks of peace between competing nations signed up to by all participating nation states during the Olympic Games - represents a unique and historical opportunity to address these issues head on.
Sadly the last three Olympics have been ‘Bread and Games’ for the masses, distracting us from the reality of nation state conflict-driven economy. Worse still, we have entered an era where nation states have become masters of mis-information, distortion and suppression of the truth. For a real Olympic Truce to be realised during the Japan 2020 Games, this time civil society can take a lead and ensure the IOC, UN and participating nations end their rhetorical use of the Truce and give real peace a chance, and report to the world on the reality of the Truce.
The Japan 2020 Campaign Objective: to raise awareness of the Olympic Truce as a key tool to mainstream SDG 16 as the basis for implementing all other goals, targeting those who need help most. It aims to establish a support system for setting up A Global Network of Olympic Truce Peace Reporters in the world’s conflict areas who will report on the Japan 2020 Truce implementation process.
The 2020 Olympic Truce Campaign Strategy: To build on the last 3 Olympic Truce Peace Ambassadors Campaigns to build a supporters group that will identify, train and support Truce Peace Reporters groups in conflict zones to provide country and regional level reports on the implementation of the Truce during the period of the Games.
This process will then be mainstreamed through three themes, culture, conflict resolution and conservation featuring a world music event, martial arts pilgrimage and performance and sport & peace gardening competition– in order to take the Truce message to a diverse range of stakeholders and gain media interest.
The Japan 2020 Olympic Truce Reporters Implementation Work Plan:
Establish a core support team to coordinate the process.
Formulate the support partnership from a stakeholder group that includes youth, reporters, media, business and government agencies.
Identify, train and support country-based 2/3 person reporting teams (one journalist, one film/video editor) in conflict zones to report on the implementation of the Olympic Truce.
Focusing on culture, conflict resolution and conservation themes, host a world music/poetry event, a Japan peace pilgrimage, and an international sports & peace garden competition to highlight the Truce in the build up to the Games.
We need your support NOW! Please contact Gordon.destinet ecotrans.de to find out how we can work together to make this happen.
Sillence GORDON, Japan 2020 Olympic Truce Campaign, United kingdom
|Make-It or Fly-It ? Deux approches de Sciences Citoyennes dans le domaine des Drones|
|Les grands objectifs de drone make-it de cette année étaient de concevoir un drone capable de faire de la bathymétrie pour une expédition qui aurait lieu dans les montagnes ainsi que le montage d’une imprimante 3D pour le centre.|
Au total, nous avons proposé comme projet : la bathymétrie, l’imprimante 3D à monter (qui servirait les autres projets par la suite), le F450 à monter pour pouvoir ensuite lui ajouter différentes caméras (IR ou vidéo), les projets libres et le projet réparation.
L’objectif des séjours Let It Fly de cet été était de faire avancer un projet d’étude de plantes inaccessibles (sur des falaises par exemple), dont le besoin a été exprimé par le programme Biodiversita. Pour ce projet, nous avions comme but de définir un protocole de pilotage permettant de prendre ces plantes en photos de façon à pouvoir les identifier.
Les Participants des séjours de Sciences Participatives OSI DRONE CONNECTION, France, www.osi-drone-connection.org
|Into the Great Lakes|
|"Into The Great Lakes » est un camp pour jeunes, faisant partie du programme de recherche inTERRAction. Ces adolescents parte camper autour des "Grands Lacs » à la découverte du « Vivre Ensemble ». Le but de la partie pédagogique du séjour, est qu’ils apprennent à vivre avec un groupe d’inconnus (au départ), en camping, durant deux semaines, développant fortement leurs capacités d’adaptation. Scientifiquement, au travers d’observations, d’échanges avec nos partenaires ( Superior Watershed Partnership ), ou au cours d’activités pratiques (test d’eaux, établissement de protocoles, carte des résultats…), ils essaient de comprendre les phénomènes observés ou expérimentés, et de retransmettre par la suite leur conclusions à travers de courts documentaires ou articles scientifiques.|
Les Participants des séjours de Sciences Participatives OSI INTERRACTION, France-Canada, http://www.osi-interraction.org/
|Dauphins et Baleines de Rangiroa|
|La Polynésie est le plus grand Sanctuaire des Mammifères Marins du monde dans un seul océan. Cependant, le gigantisme de l’espace maritime et l’éparpillement des zones habitables n’y facilitent pas les efforts de connaissance et l’application de la réglementation. Par exemple, les activités touristiques basées sur la rencontre avec des animaux sauvages y sont souvent considérées comme de l’écotourisme. À tort, car généralement sans rapport avec le label écotouristique (réservé aux activités durables, éducatives et contribuant à la conservation de la biodiversité).|
Les mesures les plus importantes concernant l’exploitation de l’espace maritime en Polynésie l’ont été dans un cadre méconnaissant la nature des cétacés sauvages. Or la superposition des activités humaines sur un habitat animal critique a, la plupart du temps, des effets négatifs à plus ou moins long-terme. Ceci, ajouté au fait que nous ne connaissons à peu près rien du statut des populations de mammifères marins présentes en Polynésie française, a initié le programme CÉTA’BIOSPHÈRE. En mesurant et en comparant plusieurs indicateurs comme la diversité, la distribution, l’abondance, le degré de résidence des individus, communautés ou populations, la taille des groupes, leur comportement et les degrés de pression subis, CÉTA’BIOSPHÈRE est un outil participatif de surveillance des cétacés dans le nord-ouest de l’archipel des Tuamotu (Rangiroa, Makatea) et dans l’archipel des Marquises (Tahuata, Hiva Oa).
Les Participants des séjours de Sciences Participatives OSI CETA’BIOSPHERE, Polynésie, http://www.vacances-scientifiques.com/Dauphins-de-Rangiroa.html
|Iceland is an ever-growing popular destination where the number of visitors explodes. The matter of a different, sustainable and useful tourism, has never been more relevant. The participants of Iceland Lab’ will show how, through to the format of an expedition with a journalistic approach to the geological wonders of the island (plate tectonics, volcanoes, glaciers, geothermal energy, etc.), they learned from others and about themselves, and shared their knowledge.|
Les Participants des séjours de Sciences Participatives OSI MINEO, Suisse, www.osi-mineo.org
|Experiential travel that gives back|
|The Global Conserva/on Corps (GCC) is an interna/onal nonproﬁt that works with local communi/es to conserve wildlife. To support the opera/ons of the organiza/on, GCC oﬀers exclusive conserva/on tours to South Africa to visit our programs and partners on the ground. The 10day tour is shrouded in a 5-star experience, with special experiences including: dar/ng a rhino, walking with ﬁeld rangers, ﬂying at low-level over Kruger Na/onal Park and mee/ng our young conserva/on students at the Future Rangers Program. We believe that nothing brings donors closer to our mission than seeing the program for themselves. Join us! |
Mr. Michèle SOFISTI, SOFOS MANAGEMENT SARL, Switzerland, https://globalconservationcorps.org/home-3-2/
Food Innovation Global Mission : A novel pedagogic strategy for charting the future of food and agriculture.
We would like to present the Food Innovation Global study mission which as a unique experience where education meets tourism, allowing the participants in this very intense experiential learning to scout, map and identify the latest trends for innovation in the agri-food sector in major cities around the world. The kind of innovation we are promoting is that which responds to major challenges that threaten the sustainability of food security and nutrition.
SOLIMAN Tarek, Italy, Future Food Institute, http://futurefood.network/institute/
Sustainable Tourism Development
This presentation focuses on understanding those stakeholders who can actively influence sustainable tourism development (STD). The context is given through a case study of the Waterberg Biosphere Reserve (WBR) in South Africa.
Biosphere reserve’ is a United Nations designation stipulating that a region should attempt to follow the principles of sustainable development (SD). Using an inductive, qualitative methodology of semi-structured interviews of active stakeholders in STD in the region, this approach generated multiple research themes which were subsequently analysed using critical discourse analysis (CDA) techniques. These themes indicate that seeking SD in biosphere reserves is problematical when there are distinct ideological differences between active stakeholder groups and power relations are unequal. Adopting CDA allows us to make some sense of why this is the case as the technique appreciates not only how tourism development occurs, but also why it occurs in a particular way. This presentation will therefore discuss the importance of understanding these active stakeholders and has implications for stakeholder analysis in tourism specifically and also has wider implications for SD more generally.
LYON Andrew, UK, University of Chester
ECOLOGICAL INSIGHTS THROUGH A JOURNEY TO THE HIMALAYAS
The Himalayas represent a very fragile eco-system that needs to be protected. Many in the plains have very less exposure to the terrain and ecology of the Himalayas. In order to create awareness about eco-sensitive zones, build inner-strength to tackle problems, increasing camaraderie and helping youngsters challenge their mental and physical limitations, Anaadi Foundation organizes a journey to the Himalayas. Since June 2016 more than 110 young people have been part of this. The journey exposes youth to the various forms of Ganges right from its source at Gangothri Glacier to its free flowing waters in the lower Himalayas. They are also sensitized to the Industrial pollution that happens when Ganges flow through the cities in the plains. Landslides are common in the Himalayas. Passing through the villages gives youngsters an exposure to the diversity of life in the mountains. It also gives a picture of how people cope up with limited availability of electricity through solar installations.Youngsters get to walk 60 kms in 5 days and this leaves them completely transformed. The immersive journey has helped youth connect with nature, cope up with uncertainities and reflect on some really concerning ecological issues.
KOTERA POOVIAH Prajna Cauvery, India, http://anaadifoundation.org/
Peace and Development index of the communities under the Sulong Kapayapaan program of Sarangani province, Mindanao
Peace and Development is one of the main thrusts of the Provincial Government of Sarangani. Incepted in 2007 by Executive Order No. 16, the program aims to sustain the gains of peace and development in the Peace and Development Communities of the province. This study aimed to determine the peace and development index of the forty one (41) Peace and Development Communities. Following the descriptive-quantitative method, six hundred fifteen (615) stakeholders were surveyed using the modified version of the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) assessment tool. Analysis of the data revealed that majority of the Peace and Development Communities belong to the adapting stage of development. The people in this communities based on the qualitative interpretation can assert their rights, and adopt systems and practices that promote peace while addressing human security needs while no barangay belongs to the early stage and emerging stage . The data also show that the social cohes ion, human rights protection and conflict management interplay a vital role in the development of communities. Thus, this study recommends for the use of other sources of primary information and a review on the road map to peace building efforts in Sarangani province so as to design incentive and intervention programs for the PDCs.
Keywords: Peace and Development Index, Sulong Kapayapaan Program, Sarangani Province, Mindanao
Mr Jovar Pantao, Esmaida Andang, and Jennifer Kamid, Mindanao State University-General Santos City, Philippines
Ethno- tourism and community tourism, a way to impact La Guajira Colombia
My name is Paola Andrea Forero Barrera, I am a historian with more than 14 years of experience in education and academy. I have worked in Bogota as a history teacher in English, at schools such as Gimnasio Britanico, Iragua, Portales and Hontanar. I was also a professor at Universidad de La Sabana, where I was able to accomplish my master’s degree on education. I arrived almost five years ago to the Guajira Peninsula to work as a teacher at Colegio Albania inside the Cerrejon mining complex. Ever since I met this region in depth, I dedicated myself to make ethnographies and developt experiences with three main approaches discovered during the process of dialogue and interaction with all the involved social members of the region. These approaches are: 1st, the sky, understanding the cosmogony of indigenous communities such as Wayuu, Arhuacos, Koguis, Wiwas and Kankuamos. 2nd, the soil, - starting with coal, gas, salt and "pancoger" products of the region(agriculture and wild fruits, veggies and such ). 3rd, the people, their rituals, customs and uses. On April 2014, after ending my contract with Cerrejon, I put on practice all I had learned, summing it into a social entrepreneurship the has the name of History Travelers SAS.
Mrs Paola FORERO, History Travelers SAS, Colombia, www.historytravelers.com
Rural tourism development
We are going to performance how the rural communities transform their economy base on agriculture to a rural tourism economy diversifying their incomes to introducing the community to new offers for people from all over the world and a new alternative and contact with nature at first hand creating new product as honey and innovative tourist services as walking through paths, horse-riding and milking cows , vegetable cultivation which combines the social responsibility with a relaxing experience and tourism.
An true experience that we are going to take is the topic LA CHOTA, located in the department of Carazo in the southwest of the capital of Nicaragua.
Fausto Guillermo LÓPEZ CARVAJAL, Nicaragua, Instituto Técnico José Dolores Estrada http://www.intecjo.com
Testimonial of Counseling for tour association in the municipality of MUY MUY, Matagalpa, Nicaragua.
Analyze the tourist offer of the MIPYME (Small and Mid-sized companies) under the approach of the market system under the model frame PUEBLO MAGICO (Magic Town) and identifying the systematic causes the avoid the tourism growth of these MIPYDEs having as a result more sources of jobs for the people of the communities.
Provide necessary tools for customer service and identify the opportunities which allow to get better the conditions to take care of the environment.
Kathya Corsina ALVARADO JARQUIN, Nicaragua, Instituto Técnico José Dolores Estrada, http://www.intecjo.com
Unity for Peace that how to possible
Here in the world peace is very necessary we need to know and learn from each other that how to spread the peace among humanity so I have done much work for the peace that how to gain the prosperity in the communities so it will be a great chance for me as I will be share my experience among the people of God.
Changing lives, Changing Communities, Changing Nations
Mr Yaqoob Gill, The Carol of God Ministry (CGM), Pakistan
Mākua Valley represents in the Hawaiian mythology one of the most sacred places on the island, a place of procreation and rebirth. In 1941, during the II World War a large part of the west coast of O’ahu Island, including Mākua, was seized by the military. The families residing there had been evacuated with the promise of a return six months after the cessation of hostilities. Today the army holds a lease on the valley and had been using it for fire live training for several years, until a law suit anda following agreement stopped the live fire training. Local population through re-indigeniety practices is searching for a renewed relationship with the valley and its history. Mākua Valley also has a great interest for archaeologists with more than 110 archaeological sites, the earliest settlements on the island and botanists hosting over 50 endangered species. My research work focuses on the documentation and survey of the maps that the different actors (Indigenous mo’olelo, the US Army, archeologist) produce in the valley and in their comparison, different interests, different prospective, different understanding of the same place. Participating in cultural access in the valley and documenting the rebirth of forms of communication and interaction between the native population and the environment, through the rebuilding of altars for offerings, and the collective observation and interpretation of "signs" which occur visiting the valley. The reappearance of communication with the valley often leads to a re-appropriation of one’s personal history. The innovative aspect of research is to shed light on how the natural environment, in this case the Mākua valley, keeps these lost ties and how the various actors act to reconnect with this knowledge. My greatest desire is to tell the story of Mākua from the three valleys point of view, to tell the stories of changing relationship between the different actors.
BORGNINO Emanuela, Italy, UNIVERSITY OF MILANO BICOCCA, https://www.unimib.it/unimib-international
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