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7th International Annual Conference on Smart Finance & Cryptocurrencies for Peace and Sustainable Development - 13 December, 2022, United Nations
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Call for Contribution 2022 :
International Annual Conference on Smart Finance & Cryptocurrencies for Peace and Sustainable Development
In the frame of the 13th GENEVA FORUM at UN, December 12-16, 2022
United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland
Cryptocurencies and Main Financial Regulations
What is Truly the Best for Development ?
|Tuesday December 13, 2022
from 09:00 to 17:00
Wednesday evening, from 19:00 to 23:00 : Networking Dinner of Finance for Peace and Development Networks
|FREE ENTRANCE UNDER SUBSCRIPTION (United Nations Access Pass)|
|Presentations will be held in english and french. Debates and questions will be organized in english and french.|
|Crypto-Currencies: A Plethora of Possibilities|
Since their creation, the evolution as well as the use of crypto-currencies has quickly begun to mirror the behaviours and characteristics of those of a traditional financial and economic system (stocks, bonds, centralized Euro/Dollar currencies, etc.) in such ways as the concentration of wealth, economic inequality and a lack of clear oversight.
In response to these changes, numerous studies and trials have been carried out on a range of crypto-currencies, aiming to create, develop and promote best practices and encourage a positive impact on both social and societal levels. Some solutions could be, for example, the establishment of regulations, the implementation of certain configurations within Blockchain technologies and even the definition of roles specific individuals should play.
The real challenge lies in the large-scale implementation of solutions tested in the ecosystems of crypto-currencies and Blockchain technologies. Indeed, integrated and embedded into the conventional economy and applied to the currency and other economic valuations, these solutions, or their equivalents could offer a return on “real” society’s investment, and could give a major impetus towards toward behaviour which would result in positive social actions benefiting the entire population.
This workshop consists of :
|Leading Projects of Scientifical Projects Development and Crowd Sources Sustainable Solutions since 1992, and creating 1st Participatory Scientific Researches Camps in 2004, the NGO Objectif Sciences International have the Special Consultative Status to United Nations. Active in all continents, the NGO organize every year, since 2012, the International Annual Conference on Rights of Nature in United Nations, at which one participate all Governments actives in this domain or interested by these works. From 2016, and every year, OSI organize into the heart of the United Nations hemicycle the International Annual Conference on the CrowdFunding, Smart Finance and Appropriate Technologies, in order to allow all the actors and operators in these domains to exchange, meet and share directly and at the largest international level.|
Financial Regulations, Market Behaviours, Wealth Concentration/Distribution
Several public or associative organizations that are active in the domain of Smart Finance and Appropriate Technologies, federated or organized, at the national level. The main national actors, the federations, and the specific operators, organized presently at the international level, and are called to meet annually at the end of the civil year, at the International Annual Conference on the CrowdFunding, Smart Finance and Appropriate Technologies, at United Nations, in Geneva.
This annual space of sharing results and pooling of skills, allow to the actors of the domain to exchange practices, solutions, ideas, needs.
Your Annual Exchanges Resource
In the following of the national and continental meetings that are organized in each country and continent by the local federation, this International Annual Conference at United Nations allow the actors to implement in consultation, or to inform mutually, of progress and actions they lead during the year, or that they have in project.
The participants at this Conference are:
- Local and regional actors of different countries
- Researchers in cryptcurrencies, artificial intelligence, science, computer science, finance and sociology
- Cryptographers, cryptologists, cryptanalysts...
- Regional or national federations
- Thematic Federations, by disciplines of finance and of crowdfunding
- Large Institutions of Finance, Sustainable Development and Economy
- Government departments (Economy, Industry, Finance ...) and international associations of Ministries
- Specialized Journalists (finance, economy, science, environment, education, sustainable development ...)
- UN agencies (UNDP, UNEP ...)
Subjects that are in the agenda of this year are:
- Standards and references of exchange on crypto-currencies practices between national and international organizations
- National and international Charts of crypto-currencies, examples, projects, ongoing discussions of shares
- Financing Solutions of the actions of Development and New Appropriate Technologies (lowtech, tech for good...)
- Access of citizen actors to the Development of Projects beyond their simple financial contributions
- Administrative Status / legislative / recognition / etc of actors of Smart Finance projects
- The Citizen Participatory Finance, beyond the digital interface
- Expected Features of web portals of Participatory Finance
- Services for Participatory Finance provided by FabLabs
- Dissemination and Exploitation of the results to the uninvolved Big Public
- Road map for the mutual opening of the data collected
Exchanges between stakeholders of the meeting will happen in a round table between speakers and debates with the audience of the Assembly.
Organiser : Geneva Forum, NGO Objectif Sciences International, Geneva
|Mr Thomas EGLI|
GENEVA FORUM at United Nations : www.osi-genevaforum.org
Know more about Thomas EGLI, Founder of Objectif Sciences International, CEO of the GENEVA FORUM
|Mrs Trang FERNANDEZ-LEENKNECHT|
Holistik - wealth planning : www.holistik-wp.ch
Here the Programme of the 5 days of GENEVA FORUM of December 2022, where are described the sessions dedicated to the Conference on Finance and Science for Peace and Sustainable Development Goals.
Official Opening Session - Tuesday 13 December 10:00, 2022
Session organised by the Geneva Forum
- Remarks on current situation
- Remarks about concepts of the International Annual Conference
Presentations currently proposed for 2022
Influence of cryptocurrency on trade facilitation in sanctioned countries and persistence of international and local peace ORAL PRESENTATION
Nowadays technology which changes rapidly has the most influence up on the countries relationship and even the people of most parts of the universe. Whatever relations would be facilitated in an international level, meeting the needs of countries by other countries and international companies as a result would be faster and have a considerable mutation. The most important mode of relationship in an international level is the commercial relationship which used as an instrument for help or enmity of countries with each other and its enmity face is revealed in sanctions.
In this article try to explain the role of block chain technology in financial transactions and its usage in cryptocurrency mining, then the abilities and advantages of using cryptocurrency and their daily role in an international business would be discussed and at the end their usage way in preventing the sanctions influence and facilitation in an international business would be shown. Whatever the influences of economical enemies would be decreased, it would prevent the clashes radicalization between the countries and the enemies would not enter to the severe clash phases and military conflict.
Mr SABOURI Ghasemali, Islamic Azad University - Dubai Branch, Iran, www.iau.ae
DIGIKEO - The social networking platform ORAL PRESENTATION
This platform brings together different civil society actors (project leaders, experts, academics, researchers, associative partners, economic partners and investors), who contribute to the setting up of CSR (corporate social responsibility) projects or sustainable projects targeting the 17 UN SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals).
It is a Blockchain architecture platform to allow everything to be secured while clearing itself of any illegitimacy because all data, analyses, transactions, reports and projects will be set in stone and unforgeable and verifiable at any time.
It is a platform that creates a solidarity and sustainable economy that allows everyone to remain useful and to use their skills for benevolent and constructive actions.
Every expert in sustainable development, whether they are academics, scientist-researchers, former civil servants of national or international institutions, can contribute to train (Academy) or accompany (Mentoring) project leaders.
DIGIKEO can serve all the States of the world and strongly contributes to reach the UN Agenda2030!
Mr. Stanislas CREZE, Secrétaire Général et Gérant Compagnie Financière Fondary, KOKEO, CFF et TwOcto.10, France, www.kokeo.org
The responsibility of Structural Adjustments plans on Poverty in Central Africa, the case of CAMEROON ORAL PRESENTATION
By dismantling and deconstructing the industrial base, inherited from the 6 five-year plans that took place in CAMEROON from 1960 to 1980, the Structural Adjustment Plans have been the machiavellian instruments of the impoverishment of the middle and poor classes in CAMEROON and a formidable tool of institutionalisation of unemployment and creation of the misery and destitution of populations.
The economic sectors which used to provide work for the middle classes, and therefore productivity with added value, vanished into thin air, unemployment settled permanently and immigration has exploded.
Mrs. Nathalie NKUM, Switzerland
Accessing the Carbon Markets to achieve Sustainable Development Goals ORAL PRESENTATION
An estimated one billion people currently do not have access to electricity, mostly from sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. As part of the United Nations agenda 2030, World Bank estimates that half of them can gain access by 2030, through the development of renewable energy minigrids. Underfunding has been identified as one of the most pressing barriers for achieving (Sustainable Development Goal 7) SDG 7 progress. At the current pace, only $9 billion had been driven to the regions to deploy between 10-50 minigrids annually per country, while about 2,000 minigrids must be deployed annually per country if the 2030 target must be achieved. It is estimated that another $127 billion are required to achieve electricity access in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, connecting 490 million people to 217,000 mini-grids by 2030.
This finance gap can’t and won’t be served by public investments only, therefore there is a crucial need to bring private investors on board and other alternative means of financing these projects. One of such is carbon finance. At CnergyFund, we are providing renewable energy minigrid project owners a blend of debt financing and the carbon market. We facilitate the end-to-end management of carbon markets access to help eligible project earn revenue from the carbon market, hence making the projects more investible.
Mr AMUSA Akeem, CnergyFund, United Kingdom, https://cnergyfund.com/
Ethical and sustainable finance and new technology: The Kokeo Life Centre: Sustainable Farm in Cambodia ORAL PRESENTATION
UNIQUE project concerning the export of 3 LABELLED "luxury" fruits (papaya, jackfruit and duriant), chosen for their need in Asia in quality and quantity.
This exploitation is done by innovative and sustainable production techniques which can generate a real progressive profitability on about 80ha because of the staggered mutation of the selected fruits.
After 6 years, including the fallow year, it is possible to offer a 40% net profit, of which 10% of the profit will be used to finance a dispensary and a training centre, the beneficiaries of which are our own farmers as well as the farmers of the region.
In this farm we find the 3 activities that can bring the survival of the human being which are complementary and necessary:
farm operation and training in the use and assembly of new agricultural technology tools (work and training axis)
primary and preventive care with an important psychological cell for all the staff and people in need in the region (health axis)
housing on the farm for the farmers’ families with an insurance contract covering minimum guarantees. (housing axis)
The local KOKEO coordination team will coordinate the social actions of the project.
This is the first model of KOKEO LIVING CENTER that can bring the survival of the human being, located at the border (Thailand and Cambodia, vector of peace and development!
Mrs Vaddana KEO, Fondatrice-Présidente, and Mr. Bruno de Monteynard Responsable de la Commission de plaidoyer en charge des relations avec ONU, KOKEO, Cambodge, www.kokeo.org
KOKEO LIVING CENTRE IN DRC: Food security "Chakula Kwa Wote ORAL PRESENTATION
It is a cooperation between farmers and agricultural workers that allows for the establishment of a series of integrated food security actions. The presence of a dispensary to provide care and prevention and possible night shelters are indispensable and complementary for the total survival of the people.
The project is based above all on an exchange activity between the use of tools and agricultural machinery, seeds and agricultural accessories before the harvest.
In this way, everything is made available to facilitate the operation of the farms and the work of the land without any financial constraints. They will repay after harvesting their fruits by depositing part of their harvest to cover the cost of using the things.
The rest of their harvest will be used in part to secure basic food for their families for the year and the rest can be sold to the cooperation so that it can make products processed for export by their machines or products for storage or preservation.
In order to guarantee the sustainability of the project over time, the tools and agricultural machinery will follow the latest sustainable development technologies and our farmers will be trained accordingly.
This project covers 9000 farming households, i.e. 54000 people, with 6 people per household.
It is the collective solidarity of this cooperation that can serve as an example to reduce hunger in the world!
Mrs Vaddana KEO, Fondatrice-Présidente, and Mr. Bruno de Monteynard Responsable de la Commission de plaidoyer en charge des relations avec ONU, KOKEO, RDC – Province Nord Kivu, www.kokeo.org
China’s Foreign Policies and Influences in Africa regarding the development of Women Entrepreneurship: The Case of Ghana. ORAL PRESENTATION
Introduction to the Research Problem: After the days of independence China’s Foreign Policies and Influences on Africa gradually intensified to the early 2000s. The Forum for China and Africa Cooperation was established in the year 2000 (Shelton,2005). Besides, China’s Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Africa grew up to $ 1 Billion in 2006 to increase infrastructure development in countries like Nigeria, Mozambique, and Angola (Ngomba,2007). China has also undertaken major Peace Missions’ operations in Liberia, and has also helped in providing Agricultural Expert, Medical Supports, Road and Railway construction in many African countries (Zafar,2007). Moreover, according to McKinsey & Co., as of 2015, Chinese loans represented about a third of new debt being taken on by African governments (McKinsey & Co. 2015).
Again, from 2001 to 2011, China provided $75 billion in aid to Africa, of which about 20 percent of the $404 billion total that the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s Development Assistance Committee calculated for the period (Pham, P. et al,2018). However, with regard to China’s Foreign Policies and Influences on African little or no attention is given towards Women Entrepreneurship. This sounds more worrying as women form the greater percentage of African and the world’s population (World Bank, 2017). In addition, there are some academic assertions that China is only interested in Africa’s resources and has no intentions to develop entrepreneurship in Africa (Sautman,2006:8). Also with reference to protecting local entrepreneurs in Africa, some Africans and other critiques pointed that anti-Chinese sentiments have grown in Ghana, Zambia, and South Africa because of undercutting Textile Industries, Human Right Violation, and Circulating Labour abuses, (Wines 2007; French and Polgreen 2007a; Ngomba 2007).
These assertions do not show China’s commitment to Entrepreneurship and mostly nothing geared towards Women Entrepreneurship and Empowerment. On the contrary, Women Entrepreneurships forms part of the Worlds’ Women Empowerment initiatives which is being preached by the Western Countries. For instance, “the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD,2014), reported that, in the last few decades, support for Women Entrepreneurship has been present on international political agenda”. The agenda has been on two ways; those who are concerned with the global political empowerment of women (Cliton,2011), and those who are concern with the Socio- economic empowerment of women through entrepreneurial activities (L Scott,2016; Kabeer,2009). Most importantly, China’s relationship with African has been an old friendship since the days of the struggling for independence. Around the 90s China’s Economic Cooperation with African countries intensified and took various forms towards African’s Development (Sautman,2006).
Moreover, in recent times, Africa have seen the influences of China’s involvement and Foreign Policies in its continent in various forms. The questions that therefore come to mind in the academia is “is the Smiling Dragon not interested in the well-being and development of Women Entrepreneurship in Africa? Or will China use its Foreign Policies and Influences in Africa to empower African women politically, and Economically? and is there a meeting point in the future where China’s Foreign Policies on African will be totally geared toward Women Entrepreneurship and Empowerment? Research Objectives The main aim of the study is to examine China’s Foreign Policies and Influences in Africa with regards to the development of Women Entrepreneurship.
(1) To ascertain whether Foreign Policies between China and Ghana are mutually beneficial to Women Entrepreneurship
(2) To examine how Chinese Foreign Policies and Influences can energize and initiate entrepreneurial attitudes among Women in Ghana.
(3) To find out whether the Chinese Import Businesses in Ghana improve or distract the Entrepreneurial attitudes of women in Ghana.
(4). To examine the working conditions of Ghanaian women employed by Chinese employers in Ghana.
(5). To examine the obstacles in China’s Foreign policies with regards to Women Entrepreneurship in Ghana
Mrs GYAMFUAH Abena, Department of urban roads, Ghana, https://mrh.gov.gh/agencies/department-of-urban-roads/
Presentations done in 2021
|Speakers confirmed their presence:|
- FQX, e-promissory notes, Winner of Swiss Fintech Award 2021
- GainForest™, a decentralized green fund linking machine learning with real-world climate action to fight deforestation
- Global Citizen and Youth Empowerment (IAAI GloCha) : DigitalArt4Climate
- Iranian University, Dubai branch: Cryptocurrencies for peace and development, what will need to be done
- AgAu AG
Announcement: Geneva Foundation for Future, Values and Trust for Impact investing ORAL PRESENTATION
Our multi-disciplinary team is involved in the development of companies and NGOs. In this context, it has observed a mismatch between interesting projects worthy of sponsorship funding and the requirements of public and private funding bodies. This is particularly true in terms of the presentation of projects, in order to apply for funding and - at the end of the reporting exercise - to meet their standards.
This mismatch leads to a lack of productive interaction between projects and funding agencies. If they were brought together, the available funds, which are not being met, and the serious projects, which are not being funded, would have a much greater potential for societal impact, both qualitatively and quantitatively.
We propose to make available user-friendly and efficient instruments within a Foundation called Fondation de Genève pour le Futur, which could at the same time provide the necessary services, consulting, training and coaching to the actors concerned in order to make all these interactions fluid.
Mrs Christa MUTH, co-founder, Geneva Foundation for the Future, Switzerland
How electronic negotiable instruments (promissory notes / bills of exchange) can enable sustainable organic economic growth - strategies, tactics and a roadmap for governments and central banks. ORAL PRESENTATION
FQX is radically facilitating trade finance & money markets by using eNotes, a disruptive short-term financing & payment instrument. In essence, an eNote is an unconditional promise to pay a specific sum to another party at a specific future date. The eNote is based on Blockchain technology and can be flexibly sold and transferred to any third party (i.e. an investor). When compared to other financing options, eNotes as negotiable instruments outperform through their financial steering capabilities and global transferability. eNotes are based on the globally proven, formerly paper-based “promissory notes”. The enforcement regime applicable to eNotes is recognized in over 165 countries. FQX is the first market-ready solution for eNotes built on a banking-grade Blockchain (Swiss Trust Chain) with a unique, patent-pending authentication mechanism (based on regulated and qualified electronic signatures provided by Swisscom). The eNote infrastructure can be integrated into financing platforms of banks and Fintechs, allowing their customers to benefit from the entire eNote lifecycle from issuance to settlement.
Mrs Benedikt SCHUPPLI and Mr Frank WENDT, Executive Chairman, FQX AG, e-promissory notes, Winner of Swiss Fintech Award 2021
GainForest: A sustainable smart contract to restore our natural world ORAL PRESENTATION
Protecting and restoring our natural world is a resource-intensive task and conservation projects around the world depend on sustainable funding. Unfortunately, traditional donations require mutual trust between all parties. Donors must trust that communities are using their received donations for the agreed purposes. Communities on the other hand have to incentivize donors to donate to them. This usually happens through time-intensive and costly actions such as public marketing, scientific studies, expensive data collection, or third-party certification to verify impact. In addition, a middleman (such as a bank) usually sits in between the transaction of donors and communities, introducing significant legal (e.g. blocking transfers) and economic friction (e.g. large fees).
GainForest is an open platform that empowers sustainable conservation efforts by unifying 1) accessible and automated monitoring, 2) auditable and decentralized payments and 3) stakeholder engagement and user-focused token incentives into one system. GainForest leverages artificial intelligence and blockchain technology to develop a cryptocurrency that rewards you for sustainable nature stewardship. We believe that GainForest enables payments from private citizens to local communities in need at a much faster, easier, and safer rate than existing approaches with less legal work, resulting in urgently needed and accelerated climate action.
Mr. David DAO and Mr. Simge SANDAL, Co-Founder and CEO/ Co-Founder COO, GainForest, ETH Zürich, https://daviddao.org/
Youth Focused Action for Climate Empowerment Innovation - United Citizens Organization & DigitalArt4Climate ORAL PRESENTATION
At the UN Climate Change Conference COP26 in Glasgow/UK, the Global Challenges Action Empowerment consortium GloCha announced the formation of the United Citizens Organization for Action for Climate Empowerment, a blockchain technology based quasi-international organization for all-of society engagement in climate action and citizen centric resource mobilization innovation for action for climate empowerment (https://www.glocha.org/united-citizens-organization-announcement-at-cop26/). The UCO is going to facilitate youth focused non-state actors’ climate action coordination and incentivization with a focus on resource mobilization innovation (DigitalArt4Climate, Carbon footprint compensation cryptostamps, Climate philanthropy innovation, digital bonds for climate neutral cities/disaster resilient cities), gamification and digital communities building. In the context of the Geneva Forum Smart Finance and cryptoassets programme, UCO proponents will present elements of its draft Whitepaper and explore with the audience how such blockchain based and citizen centric climate governance and finance innovation can create synergies with the international community and blockchain community in Geneva/Switzerland.
Mr Miroslav POLZER, founder and CEO, Irina KARAGYAUR, IAAI GloCha, https://www.glocha.org/
The impact of cryptocurrencies on sustainable development and world peace ORAL PRESENTATION
Peace has always been a long-standing dream of every human being and an international goal and ideal for every community from the beginning of time.
But what is peace and what are its dimensions? Peace is mostly an internal concept rather than an external concept and it originates from within. Internal peace leads to external peace and ultimately world peace. Peace is a complex and multidimensional topic which consists of numerous and interconnected components, the realization of which will be achieved with realization of its components and concepts, and thus the concept of lasting peace is formed in the context of time. This means that it is considering all concepts constituent of peace that will guarantee its stability; otherwise it would be a temporary peace and the calm before the storm, which in a short time will lead to tension and then another violence.
Over time, peace has evolved from the absence of war to the existence of peaceful relations, and positive peace depends on the development of relations and strengthening of international cooperation in all areas referred to in the second paragraph of Article 1 – Charter of the United Nations. It is perfectly clear that the most important kind of cooperation is Economic Cooperation, and there’s a reason that some believe when goods do not cross the borders, soldiers will.
Productivity in the development of economic relations requires financial exchanges, and the use of cryptocurrencies can undoubtedly remove many of the current barriers to trades and play an effective role as a facilitator of trade in the international scene.
Today, in the international scene, technology plays a key role in all fields, and the economy has not been devoid of these technological changes. Blockchain and crypto mining technology is also an emerging phenomenon that needs to be regulated more legally by the United Nations.
These cryptocurrencies, as facilitators of trade in the international scene, can also become white trade’s Achilles’ heel and be at the service of black trade in the international economy. In this study, by referring to the United Nations Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in Concluding International Contracts, it is suggested to use electronic (smart) contracts in the context of blockchain to record trade transactions based on cryptocurrencies. This, while monitoring the flow of money in the national scene, will also induce countries to implement it in their trades via international convention.
Mr Ghasemali SABOURI and Atefeh AMININIYA, Islamic Azad university-Dubai branch, Ialamic Azad university, Islamic Republic of Iran
Sustainable crypto: the real yield farming ORAL PRESENTATION
In 2021 the crypto industry has surpassed 100M users and DeFi has grown from a few million $ of total Locked Value to over 100B$.
Crypto is shaking the world but what is the impact? How can you merge the beauty of the tech while protecting the world?
Mr Cyrus FAZEL, Founder and CEO, SwissBorg
Digital Financial Inclusion For All ORAL PRESENTATION
No fiat currency has been able to last 3 generations without going out of existence or depreciating at least 90% against gold. Having good quality money is a necessary condition for sustainable economic development.
With digital financial inclusion, AgAu is determined to build economic resiliency. Many populations and governments lack sufficient financial literacy and fiscal discipline to provide a prosperous and sustainable economic environment.
AgAu aims to leapfrog the traditional financial system by providing the bedrock of a prosperous economy with a sound money system backed by gold and silver. AgAu allows anybody with a mobile phone and internet connection to engage in an inclusive financial ecosystem and revive the free enterprise system.
Mrs Takhmina NASIMOVA and M. Thierry ARYS RUIZ, AgAu AG, Switzerland, https://agau.io/projects/agau-for-sdgs/
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